The Perception & Action Podcast

The Perception & Action Podcast

perceptionaction.com
A podcast hosted by ASU Prof. Rob Gray discussing the application of psychology research to sports and other high performance domains.


196 – Interview with James Rudd, LJMU, An Ecological Dynamics Approach to Improving Physical Literacy & Movement Skills in PE
May 25 • 48 min
A discussion with James Rudd from Liverpool John Moores University. What are the trends in movement competency/skill in children in recent years? How should we be assessing skill and Physical Literacy? How do nonlinear and linear approaches to PE…
195 – Interview with Jia Yi Chow, NTU Singapore, Nonlinear Pedagogy
May 21 • 43 min
A discussion with Jia Yi Chow from the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. What is nonlinear pedagogy? What has research shown regarding its effectiveness in PE teaching? How can a coach become more effective at using it and related…
194 - Journal Club #11: Prospective Control
May 19 • 80 min
I am joined by Andrew Wilson, Tyler Yearby and Garrett Boyum to discuss Prospective Control. We talk about how it differs from predictive control, the patterns of behaviors it creates, how it de-emphasizes the importance of reaction time, how it…
193 – Interview with Ben Cohen, WSJ, The Hot Hand: The Mystery & Science of Streaks
May 18 • 26 min
A discussion with Ben Cohen from the Wall Street Journal about his new book – The Hot Hand: The Mystery & Science of Streaks. Does the Hot Hand in sports exist? How does it change the behavior of people around the player with the “hot hand”?…
192- Journal Club #10: VR Training
May 14 • 80 min
I am joined by Sam Vine from Exeter and Cathy Craig from INCISIV for a discussion about present and future of VR Training. What can and can’t VR do for sports training? How should we be assessing VR systems? How can it be a value add to real…
191- Journal Club #9: Skill Acquisition Summit Roundtable
May 12 • 72 min
I am joined by Frans Bosch, Randy Sullivan, Martijn Nihoff, Bart Hanegrafff and Paul Venner for a roundtable discussion about training at home, transitioning back to full training and Frans’ new book, the Anatomy of Agility. Book pre-order: …
190 - Prescriptive Instruction vs Self Organization: Comparative Research & Playing Both Sides
May 11 • 18 min
Contrasting Prescriptive and Self-Organization approaches to skill acquisition. What has research directly comparing them found? Is it a good idea (or even possible) to adopt both approaches as a coach? Articles: More information: …
189 - Journal Club #8: Focus of Attention and Proprioceptive Information
May 7 • 55 min
I am joined by Vicki Gottwald and Gav Lawrence to discuss their new paper: An internal focus of attention is optimal when congruent with afferent proprioceptive task information. Article: More information: …
188 - Journal Club #7: Focus of Attention and Cueing in Injury Rehabilitation
May 5 • 73 min
I am joined by Nick Winkelman, Alli Gokeler, Anne Benjaminse, Harjiv Singh and Jed Diekfuss to discuss the recent article “Comparing the effects of external focus of attention and continuous cognitive task on postural control in anterior cruciate…
187 – Interview with Joan Ryan, Intangibles: Unlocking the Science & Soul of Team Chemistry
May 4 • 38 min
A discussion with Joan Ryan, author of the new book- Intangibles: Unlocking the Science & Soul of Team Chemistry. What is team chemistry? How does it influence performance and how can it be cultivated? More info about my guest: More…
186 - Journal Club #6 – General vs Specific Training & “Learning to Learn to Move”
Apr 28 • 78 min
I am joined by Keith Davids and Shawn Myszka to discuss the role of generalized vs sport specific training. How, when and why should we incorporate more generalized training in practice? What does it mean to a “learn to learn to move” and how can…
185 – Freezing Degrees of Freedom as an Early Movement Solution
Apr 27 • 21 min
What evidence is there that performers use Bernstein’s freezing degrees of freedom coordination solution in the early stages of learning? How does if and when they use it depend on the performance goal and task constraints? Articles: …
184 - Journal Club #5: Bringing Representative Learning Design to Home Training
Apr 21 • 78 min
I am joined by Marianne Davis and Stuart Armstrong to discuss how the principles of Representative Learning Design can be applied when training at home to make practice more enjoyable, engaging and effective. Articles: More information:…
183 – Interview with Greg Appelbaum, Duke University, Sports Vision Testing and Training, Brain & Behavior
Apr 20 • 51 min
A discussion with Greg Appelbaum from Duke University about his work testing and training the sensorimotor abilities of athletes. What aspects of vision are predictive of on-field performance? Does dynamic vision training transfer? How might brain…
182 - Journal Club #4: Ecological Cognition & Sports Decision Making
Apr 14 • 86 min
I am joined by James Vaughn, Ben Franks, Shawn Myska, Tyler Yearby, and Stuart Armstrong for a great discussion about the ecological approach to decision making in sports Articles: More information: Credits:…
181 – Interview with Fabian Otte, Cologne, Applying the Periodization of Skill Training Framework
Apr 13 • 37 min
A discussion with Fabian Otte from the German Sport University in Cologne on how to effectively develop a periodization plan for skill training and development. Links: More information:
180 – Interview with Nick Winkelman, Irish Rugby, The Language of Coaching: The Art & Science of Teaching Movement
Apr 9 • 54 min
A discussion with Nick Winkelman about his new book: The Language of Coaching. Topic include: is there a place for the use of internal focus of attention cues, developing effective analogies, avoiding over-cueing and links between attentional focus…
179 - Journal Club #3: Pitch Information & the Regulation of Baseball Swing Timing
Apr 7 • 63 min
I am joined by Garret Boyum, Brock Hammit and Robert Frey from the Finding the Edge podcast and Peter Fadde from Game Sense sports to discuss an interesting new article on baseball batting. How does pitch sequencing and advance knowledge about the…
178 – Interview with Chris Button, Otago, 2nd Ed of Dynamics of Skill Acquisition, Applying Ecological Dynamics to Water Safety
Apr 6 • 34 min
My discussion with Chris Button, Professor in the School of Physical Education, Sport & Exercise Sciences, University of Otago, New Zealand. How can ecological dynamics and representative learning design be used to improve water safety training…
177 - Journal Club #2 - Attractor Stability & Adaptation to Constraints
Mar 31 • 61 min
I am joined by @PsychScientists, @singh_harjiv and @Marianne_D1 to discuss new juggling study relating the stability of attractors in our intrinsic coordination and the ability to adapt to new task constraints. Link to video:…
176 – Journal Club #1: Equipment Scaling & Functional Variability
Mar 26 • 44 min
I am joined by Marianne Davies and Ben Franks to discuss the really interesting new article by Tim Buszard and colleagues from AIS: Scaling sports equipment for children promotes functional movement variability. Journal Club Link: …
175 – What is the Role of Eye Dominance in Skilled Motor Action?
Mar 24 • 29 min
What is the relevance of ocular dominance for the control of action? How might it effect an athlete’s choice of stance or side? Is there any evidence to support the idea that being cross-dominant (different dominant hand and dominant eye) is…
174 – Technique Change II: Proactive Interference, Constraints & Individual Differences
Mar 19 • 15 min
Revisiting issue of technique change, first discussed in Episode 14. How do we prevent proactive interference from a well-learned technique? How does this vary between individuals? How is technique change conceptualized in the ecological approach to…
173 – Practice Design to Improve Emergent Decision Making
Mar 17 • 29 min
A look at decisions as emerging from a process searching for information to act and acting to acquire information. How can we manipulate constraints and interaction with opponents in practice to improve this process? Articles: …
172 – Game-Based Approaches to Coaching
Feb 25 • 25 min
A look at games based approaches to coaching. How do methods like teaching games for understanding differ from the constraints led approach? Is the CLA just “old wine in new bottles” or does it add something new? Articles: More…
171 – Coordination, Control & Skill: A Three Stage Model of Motor Learning
Feb 18 • 24 min
What are the differences between coordination, control and skill? A look at a 3 stage model of skill acquisition and its implications for coaching and motor learning research. Articles: More information: …
170 – Interview with Shawn Eagle, Pittsburgh, A Perception-Action Coupling Approach to Sport Concussion
Feb 11 • 23 min
Applying perception-action principles to concussion and behavioral injury risk. How does concussion affect an athlete’s perception of affordances and action boundaries in their environment? Articles: More information about…
169 - Going Blind: Are there Benefits to Training without Vision?
Feb 4 • 19 min
Does training blind under non-vision conditions result in improved performance when the athlete returns to full vision conditions? Does it allow a performer to become more sensitive to information from other senses (e.g. proprioception and audition)…
168 – Periodization of Skill Acquisition
Jan 28 • 26 min
How might we periodize skill acquisition in a manner similar to physical training – taking into account factors like specificity, load, progression and reversibility? A look at the skill acquisition periodization and periodization of skill training…
167 – New Research on Generalized Perceptual-Cognitive Training
Jan 21 • 16 min
A look at some recent studies investigating generalized, perceptual-cognitive training for sport. Is there any evidence that training perception and cognition out of context will result in transfer to improved performance on the sports field? …
166 - Exploratory Search for Information, Affordances & Action Selection
Jan 14 • 15 min
How do we use information from our environment to select between different opportunities for action (i.e. affordances)? How do we pickup this information? A look at exploratory head movements in teams sports and the affordance competition hypothesis….
165 – Adaptive Training to Promote Motor Learning
Jan 8 • 19 min
A look at a few different ways to adapt training to promote motor learning. Learner-controlled practice schedules, the win move/lose stay method, and adaptive, algorithm based schedules. Articles: More information: …
164 – Constraining Vision to Educate Attention & Promote Skill Acquisition
Nov 20, 2019 • 20 min
Comparing and contrasting some different methods for using visual constraints during practice, including stroboscopic training, spatial and temporal occlusion. What transfers to competition? Articles: Intermittent vision vlog:…
163 – The Constraints-Led Approach to Coaching IV: Why do we “Constrain”?
Oct 29, 2019 • 20 min
Part 4 in my series on the CLA. What is the purpose of adding constraints in the constraints led approach to coaching? How does this differ from what has been done in the past? What are the different ways constraint manipulations can be used?…
162 – Differential Learning II: Contextual Interference vs Stochastic Resonance
Oct 22, 2019 • 27 min
Revisiting the theory of differential learning. How does it differ from contextual interference? How much structure should we use when varying conditions in practice? What is stochastic resonance? Articles: More information: …
161 - Practicing with a Partner: Matched or Mismatched
Oct 15, 2019 • 6 min
Are there benefits to doing interleaved practice with partner? Is it better if you work on the same or different skills? Articles: More information: Credits: The Flamin’ Groovies - Shake Some Action Mark…
160 – Visuomotor Calibration & Frames of Reference
Oct 8, 2019 • 16 min
Why can even relatively short breaks (like a rain delay or waiting for an opponent to take their turn) hurt performance? Why do athletes sometimes seem to completely misperceive the position of their body or how they are moving? A look at the process…
159 – What is an Optimal Movement Pattern?
Oct 1, 2019 • 19 min
Is there one optimal movement solution for any given task? If not, can we identify the optimal movement pattern for each individual? How can knowledge of performance feedback be used to achieve optimality? Articles: More…
158 – Motor Learning as a Search within Perceptual-Motor Workspace
Sep 24, 2019 • 20 min
A look at motor learning as a search within perceptual-motor workspace in the Search Strategies Approach theory. How do performers find stable regions in this workspace, and how does their search depend on their intrinsic dynamics and how they are…
157 – Coordinative Structures in Skilled Performance
Sep 17, 2019 • 13 min
How do we coordinate movement across our different body segments and with respect to the external environment? A look at a specific example of a coordinative structure in baseball batting. Articles: More information: …
156 – How Consistently Do We Need to Move to Be Consistently Successful?
Sep 10, 2019 • 20 min
How consistently do you need to move in order to consistently be successful in a sports skill? Is low variability in movement kinematics a key to achieving your goal? How should we be measuring and conceptualizing movement variability? …
155 - How Soon Should you Give Performance Feedback?
Aug 27, 2019 • 8 min
How soon should you give an athlete performance feedback? Is there any value in delaying it a bit? What is happening in the time between an action finishing and feedback being processed? Articles: More information: …
154 – How is Peripheral Vision Used in Sports? Gaze Anchors & Pivot Points
Aug 21, 2019 • 12 min
How exactly is peripheral vision used in sports? What are the costs and benefits of different gaze strategies? A look at gaze anchors and visual pivot points. Articles: More information: Credits: The…
153 - Are we demanding enough of athletes in practice?
Aug 13, 2019 • 11 min
Articles: More information: Credits: The Flamin’ Groovies - Shake Some Action Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com
152 - Learning New Movement Patterns: Specificity vs Variability
Aug 6, 2019 • 7 min
A look at a recent study on learning new gait patterns. Which is better: practicing the criterion task the whole time, progression from easier to difficult or random practice? Articles: More information: …
151 –The Equilibrium Point Hypothesis of Motor Control
Jul 23, 2019 • 14 min
A look at the equilibrium point hypothesis of motor control. How can movements be controlled both actively (voluntarily) and re-actively (involuntarily)? Articles: More information: Credits: The Flamin’…
150 – New Motor Learning Neuroscience Research
Jul 15, 2019 • 13 min
A look at some recent motor learning neuroscience articles. Can we achieve gray matter plasticity through motor learning? How are motor synergies reflected in brain activity? What are the neural mechanisms underlying the benefits of self-controlled…
149 - How Does Noise Shape Motor Learning?
Jul 2, 2019 • 11 min
A look at the role of motor noise in motor learning? How to we minimize the effects of noise on motor control? Do we choose movement solutions that are less noisy?
148 - On Becoming Skillful: A Dynamical Systems Approach
Jun 18, 2019 • 17 min
A look at the 1995 article by Jane Clark which provides an excellent overview of the dynamical systems approach to skill acquisition.
147 - New Constraints Led Approach (CLA) Research
Jun 11, 2019 • 9 min
A look at a couple new studies examining the CLA to skill acquisition. How does the presence of an opponent influence the kinematics of a tennis serve? Can we correct technical errors without using explicit verbal instruction?
146 –Effects of Analogy, Explicit Instruction & Attentional Cues on Performance
May 21, 2019 • 16 min
A look at 3 recent studies evaluating the effects of different types of instruction (explicit, analogy and focus of attention) on performance, movement kinematics and motor learning. Articles: More information: …
145 – Incidental Training, Goal Babbling & Motor Exploration
May 15, 2019 • 16 min
A look at a couple of recent motor learning articles. Does incidental training lead to protection against choking under pressure? How do we acquire a new movement skill? Do we initially explore the solution space randomly (what has been called motor…
144 – An Ecological Dynamics Assessment of Perceptual-Cognitive & VR Training in Sport
May 7, 2019 • 15 min
What are the limitations of current perceptual-cognitive and brain training technologies that use an isolated, process driven approach to improve perception and decision making in athletes? How can these be improved by following the principles of…
143 – Naturalistic, Recognition-Primed Decision Making
Apr 16, 2019 • 21 min
A look at Naturalistic and Recognition-Primed Decision Making. How do we make quick and effective decisions when faced with complex, time pressured situations? How do we bring our previous experience to bear in these situations? Can this approach be…
142 – Affordance Based Control
Apr 9, 2019 • 19 min
Is the role of affordance perception just action selection? Or does it also play a role in action control? What does it mean to “know one’s limits”?
141 - Demonstration & Imitation as Rate Enhancers in Skill Acquisition
Apr 2, 2019 • 10 min
A look at the role of demonstration and imitation in motor learning. What is rate enhancer in skill acquisition?
140 – An Ecological Approach to Visual Anticipation in Sports
Mar 26, 2019 • 18 min
Is the common finding that expert athletes are better at using advance cues to anticipate their opponent’s actions evidence that they are using a predictive, internal model for action control? Or can this be reconciled with the ecological approach?…
139 - Improving Performance by Amplifying Errors
Mar 19, 2019 • 9 min
Can having a performer amplify or exaggerate movement error be an effective way to correct it? Is error amplification a more effective method than corrective instruction?
138 – Alternative Ways to Cue & Provide Feedback
Mar 5, 2019 • 23 min
A look at some different ways we can cue and provide feedback to a performer including bandwidth, temporal-comparative and translational feedback and rhythm-based cues.
137 – The Yips
Feb 26, 2019 • 15 min
A look at the phenomenon of The Yips. What exactly is it? How does it differ from choking under pressure? What effects does it have on movement coordination? How can it be treated?
136 - Talent Equation Podcast Panel - Applying Theory to Coaching
Feb 20, 2019 • 0 min
A panel discussion about applying different theoretical approaches to coaching, fence sitting, and “it depends” on the Talent Equation podcast hosted and produced by Stuart Armstrong: https://www.spreaker.com/user/9625186/podcast-panel?autoplay=1
135 – The Problem of Motor Redundancy vs the Bliss of Motor Abundance
Feb 5, 2019 • 25 min
Is having a numerous possible solutions to a motor task a problem of redundancy that must be solved by somehow constraining the perception-action system? Or is it a gift of abundance that allows us to better adapt and react to our environment by…
134 – Are there General Perceptual-Motor Abilities? Should we be Testing & Training Them?
Jan 29, 2019 • 22 min
A look at the somewhat controversial topic of general perceptual-motor abilities. Are there general abilities such as agility and hand-eye coordination that apply to all sports or are the skills athletes use mainly sports specific? If such general…
133 – New Representative Design Research
Jan 22, 2019 • 9 min
A look at some recent research on representative design. How can we evaluate the representativeness of typical practice activities used in sport? What expertise differences emerge when we evaluate athletes in a more representative test environment?
132 – Simple vs Complex Motor Skills: Do Training Principles Generalize?
Jan 15, 2019 • 20 min
Do the principles derived from studying simple laboratory skills apply to the more complex skills involved in most sports? How does task complexity influence the way in which we manipulate load and challenge in practice? How should we schedule practice,…
131 – How Should we Space Training to Optimize Skill Acquisition?
Dec 11, 2018 • 17 min
What is the optimal spacing of training sessions to promote acquisition of a new skill? How does it depend on task complexity and intensity? What underlying processes are involved?
130 – Designing Affective Practice II: Emotion as a Constraint, Role of a Coaches’ Emotions
Nov 27, 2018 • 13 min
How do the emotions of an athlete constrain the movement solutions that emerge in practice? How can they be used an indicator of progress in learning? How might a coaches’ emotions influences skill acquisition and performance?
129 – The Legacy of Paul Fitts II: A Three Stage Model of Motor Learning
Nov 20, 2018 • 16 min
The second episode in a series looking at the contributions of Paul Fitts to our understanding of motor control and motor learning. A look at Fitts’ highly influential 3 phase model of skill acquisition involving cognitive, fixation and autonomous phases.…
128 – Affordances & Momentum, Value of Unstructured Practice
Nov 13, 2018 • 15 min
Does our perception of affordances in our environment depend on psychological momentum, changing as we move towards or away from achieving our goal? What is the value of informal, unstructured practice? How does it conform to the principles of ecological…
127 – The Legacy of Paul Fitts I: Fitts’ Law & the Speed-Accuracy Tradeoff
Oct 30, 2018 • 18 min
The first episode in a series looking at the contributions of Paul Fitts to our understanding of motor control and motor learning. What is Fitts’ Law? How can it be used to understand and predict speed-accuracy tradeoffs (e.g. between throwing hard and…
126 – Guiding Movement by Coupling Taus
Oct 23, 2018 • 19 min
A look at David Lee’s Tau Coupling theory which seeks to explain how movements are controlled by using taus from our different senses and intrinsic tau guides. What is general tau theory and why does this variable apply to more than just approaching…
125 – The Legacy of James J Gibson III: The Ecological Approach, Research & Challenges
Oct 16, 2018 • 25 min
The final episode in my series looking at the contributions of JJ Gibson to the study of perception and action. Where is the ecological approach to perception and action now? What evidence is there to support it? What are some of the challenges it still…
124 – The Legacy of James J Gibson II: The Theory of Affordances & Its Application to Sports
Oct 9, 2018 • 22 min
The second episode in a series looking at the incredible contributions of JJ Gibson to the study of perception and action. How do we go from information to goal-directed action? What are affordances and effectivities? How can they be used to guide our…
123 – The Legacy of James J Gibson I: Invariants & Direct Perception
Sep 25, 2018 • 22 min
The first episode in a series looking at the incredible contributions of JJ Gibson to the study of perception and action. What is direct perception? What are invariants? How do these ideas form the foundation for ideas like the constraints led approach…
122 – Reflections on the FBR Summit: Putting Self Organization into Practice
Sep 18, 2018 • 14 min
Some reflections on the excellent Skill Acquisition Summit I recently attended at the Florida Baseball Ranch. What are some of the best practices for using self-organization for developing sports skills?
121 - How Much Variability in Practice & When? Does Water Immersion Enhance Motor Learning?
Sep 11, 2018 • 15 min
A look at a couple interesting recent articles on motor learning. How much variability should we add to practice and when? Are skills strengthened when they are reconsolidated when performing slight variations? Does sitting in chest deep water improve…
120 – Perceptual-Motor Calibration
Sep 4, 2018 • 16 min
A look at the process of perceptual-motor calibration. How do we scale our perception of affordances in the environment to our action capabilities? What conditions are needed to allow for effective calibration and recalibration?
119 – Interview with Jeff Fairbrother, Tennessse, Motor Learning, Feedback, Focus of Attention
Aug 28, 2018 • 27 min
A discussion with Jeff Fairbrother, Professor of Kinesiology, Recreation and Sport Studies at the University of Tennessee. We discuss the effect of repeated retention tests on learning, self controlled feedback and the effects of a coach overriding…
118 – Interview with Paul Venner, Dutch Baseball, Variability & Constraints in Movement, S&C
Aug 21, 2018 • 21 min
A discussion with Paul Venner, Head of Athletic Performance at Dutch Baseball and Founder of Ultimateinstability. We discuss the important role of movement variability in training, using water to amplify information about movement, connecting skill…
117 – Shared Mental Models vs Shared Affordances in Team Coordination
Aug 14, 2018 • 20 min
A look at the two main theoretical approaches (and associated methodologies) for understanding team coordination in sports: Shared knowledge/mental models (built on information processing) and shared affordances (built on ecological dynamics).
116 – New Research on Implicit Learning: Is it a More Effective Way to Acquire New Skills?
Aug 7, 2018 • 21 min
A look at some recent research on implicit learning. Is it really a better way to learn perceptual-motor skills? Does it give an athlete more cognitive resources to devote to strategy and decision making? Does it lead to better pressure proofing of…
115 – Interview with Randy Sullivan, Florida Baseball Ranch, Skill Acquisition Summit
Jul 24, 2018 • 33 min
A discussion with Randy Sullivan, CEO and owner of Florida Baseball Ranch. We discuss how Randy’s approach to skill development and injury rehabilitation has evolved, the “how to” of self-organization and preview the upcoming The Florida Baseball Ranch &…
114 – Interview with Israel Halperin, Skill Acquisition Training & Research, Cueing, Combat Sports
Jul 17, 2018 • 31 min
A discussion with Israel Halperin, combat sports coach and researcher from Tel Aviv, Israel. We discuss the use of focus of attention cues, the role of athlete autonomy in training programs, how S&C and Skill Acq can better support each other, and how to…
113 – Online vs Internal, Model-Based Control of Action
Jul 3, 2018 • 30 min
Are the complex actions involved in sport controlled online, by visual information that is currently available to a performer? Or do they rely on the use of predictive, internal models of the world? What are the implications of this for the way we…
112 - Interview with Len Zaichkowsky & Dan Peterson, The Playmaker’s Advantage
Jun 26, 2018 • 38 min
A discussion with Leonard Zaichkowsky & Daniel Peterson about their recently released book, The Playmaker’s Advantage: How to Raise Your Mental Game to the Next Level. What is “Athlete Cognition”? How can it be trained? How can coaches design practices to…
111 – When Should a Coach Abandon a Practice Activity and Try Something Else?
Jun 19, 2018 • 20 min
As a coach, what should you do when your athletes do not seem to be responding to a new practice activity? Are there things you can change? What should you look for? When should you abandon it altogether and move on to something else? Links:…
110 – Donor Sports & the Value of Non Sport Specific Practice
Jun 12, 2018 • 17 min
How do you know whether a training activity that is very different from your sport will lead to transfer? Is their value in non-specific practice? Does it depend on skill level? What is a donor sport? Articles/Books: More…
109 – Habit vs Skill: Which Should We Attempt to Develop in Performers?
Jun 5, 2018 • 18 min
Is it better for an athlete to develop pre-formed, reflexive responses that operate outside of consciousness (in other words, habits)? Or does should we be focusing on cultivating adaptive skills that involve reflection and awareness?
108 – Does Brain Stimulation Enhance Acquisition, Performance and Retention of Sports Skills?
May 29, 2018 • 18 min
Can noninvasive brain stimulation be used to enhance acquisition, performance and retention of sports skills? What exactly are tMS, tCS and tDCS? Are products like Halo Sport worth your investment?
107 – Interview with Mike Studer, President NWRA, Applying motor learning principles to rehabilitation
May 22, 2018 • 23 min
A discussion with Mike Studer, President of Northwest Rehabilitation Associate. We discuss using dual tasks to encourage the development of procedural memories, constraint-induced practice, concussion rehabilitation in sports, and geriatric athletes.
106 – Does Neurofeedback Training Improve Sports Performance?
May 15, 2018 • 15 min
How effective is neurofeedback training for improving sports performance? Is it worth the investment of time and money? Which brain rhythm should we be targeting for the best results?
105 – How Difficult Should Practice Be? The Challenge Point Hypothesis
May 1, 2018 • 22 min
What is the optimal level of task difficulty to use in practice? How does it depend on the complexity of the skill and the experience of the learner? A look at the Challenge Point Hypothesis and studies which have tested its predictions.
104 – Practicing with Intent: The Role of Intention in Action
Apr 24, 2018 • 15 min
What does it mean to “practice with intent”? How does intention shape the way we learn and perform perceptual motor skills?
103 – Interview with Rajiv Ranganthan, MSU, Motor Learning, Variability & Coordination
Apr 10, 2018 • 32 min
A discussion with Ragjv Ranganthan, Assistant Professor of Kinesiology at Michigan State University. We discuss motor synergies and redundancy, the role of movement variability in the development of coordination, and using robot aided movements for…
102 – Modified Perceptual Training, Proactive & Reactive Motor Inhibition
Apr 3, 2018 • 14 min
How can we best sort through the myriad of vision and perceptual-cognitive training tools for sports? What are the key characteristics we should be looking for? How effectively can skilled athletes inhibit and prepare to inhibit movements?
101 – Brain Dynamics & Psychomotor Efficiency, Effect of Culture on Movement
Mar 27, 2018 • 15 min
What characterizes the brain activity of an elite performer? How does brain activity change during the process of skill acquisition? Do cultural environments influence motor skills? Are there “motor styles” common to members of a given cultural group?
100 – The Why, What, How & When of Movement Variability
Mar 13, 2018 • 37 min
Why might movement variability be beneficial for skill acquisition and execution? What distinguishes “good” from “bad” variability in movement? How do different coaching/instructional methods (e.g. ordering practice conditions, cueing, differential…
99 – Interview with Shawn Myszka, Sport Movement Skill Conference, Ecological Dynamics
Mar 6, 2018 • 34 min
A discussion with Shawn Myszka from Movement Mastery. In the interview we discuss the upcoming Sport Movement Skill Conference and the Ecological Dynamics movement in coaching. More information about my guest:…
98 – Interview with Movement & Skill Acquisition Ireland, Constraints Based Coaching
Feb 27, 2018 • 44 min
A discussion with Ed Coughlan, Phil Kearny and Olly Logan, founders of Movement & Skill Acquisition Ireland. In the interview we discuss the goals of the organization and their upcoming conference: Constraints based coaching and ecological dynamics to…
97 – Interview with Mark O’Sullivan, AIK, Affordances, Practice Design & Talent Development
Feb 20, 2018 • 32 min
A discussion with Mark O’Sullivan, Coach with AIK Football in Stockholm. We discuss Mark’s concept of football interactions and how it relates to practice design and affordances, and the “race to the bottom” in talent identification.
96 – Can Assisted Movement Facilitate Skill Acquisition?
Feb 13, 2018 • 25 min
A look at research investigating the effects of assisted/guided movement on skill acquisition. Can experiencing the movement pattern on an elite athlete facilitate motor learning in a novice? Is it better to use assistance to reduce or augment errors?
95 – The Legacy of Nikolai Bernstein III: “Repetition without Repetition” & Beyond
Feb 6, 2018 • 22 min
A look at how Bernstein’s famous phrase “repetition without repetition” revolutionized how we think about motor learning. And an introduction to a few extensions of Bernstein’s ideas including coordinative structures and the uncontrolled manifold…
94 – The Legacy of Nikolai Bernstein II: Skill Acquisition through Free(z)ing Degrees of Freedom
Jan 30, 2018 • 25 min
A look at Bernstein’s theory of freezing/freeing degrees of freedom during skill acquisition and some research which has tested these ideas.
93 – The Legacy of Nikolai Bernstein I: Problems in Movement Coordination
Jan 23, 2018 • 20 min
The first episode in a series looking at the contributions of Nikolai Bernstein to our understanding of motor control and motor learning. What were Bernstein’s “problems? Is finding solutions to these problems really what effective coaching is all about?
92 – Differential Learning
Jan 16, 2018 • 23 min
A look at the Differential Learning approach to skill acquisition. Is maximizing movement variability by preventing repetition and correction the optimal way to design practice? How does this differ from the Constraints-Led Approach?
91 – Variability of Practice Revisited
Jan 9, 2018 • 35 min
A look at some recent research examining contextual interference, blocked vs random and variable vs constant practice. How should coaches put these concepts into practice?
90 – Interview with Leah Robinson, Michigan, Fundamental Movement Skills
Dec 12, 2017 • 21 min
A discussion with Leah Robinson, Associate Professor of Movement Science from the University of Michigan. Topics include the importance of fundamental movement skills, how these skills should be measured, perceived motor competence and interventions for…
89 – The Constraints-Led Approach to Coaching III: Evaluating its Effectiveness
Dec 5, 2017 • 33 min
Looking at research that has evaluated the Constraints-Led Approach (CLA) to coaching. How effective is this approach? What effects do changing constraints actually have on performance? How does the CLA comparing to other more traditional coaching methods?
88 – The Constraints-Led Approach to Coaching II: Dynamics & Representative Design
Nov 28, 2017 • 27 min
What processes are involved when movement coordination is self-organized around constraints? How does the performer take into account their own action capabilities? What is the best way to design practice according to these ideas? A look at behavioral and…
87 – The Constraints-Led Approach to Coaching I: What are Constraints?
Nov 21, 2017 • 22 min
The first in a 3 part series on The Constraints-Led Approach to Coaching. What exactly are constraints? What are some common misconceptions about them? Why is understanding the theory behind them critical for using them effectively?
86 – Interview with Brian McCormick, Talent Development & Practice Design in Basketball
Nov 14, 2017 • 37 min
A discussion with Brian McCormick, Head basketball coach at Broward College in Florida. Topics include current problems with the way we identify and develop talent, coaching fake fundamentals, and designing practice to increase game intelligence and…
85 – Interview with Dave Mann, Vrije University, Vision & Gaze Behavior in Sports
Nov 7, 2017 • 26 min
A discussion with Dave Mann, Assistant Professor at Vrije University in Amsterdam. Topics include gaze behavior, handedness and stance in batting; developing vision standards for Paralympic sports; and how expert athletes seem to be able to flexibly use…
84 – Time Scales in Motor Learning
Oct 31, 2017 • 25 min
Is motor learning a single process that occurs at one time scale as suggested by the famous learning curve? Or are things happening simultaneously at multiple time scales, with some adaptations taking seconds and others years? What might this mean for…
83 – Vision & Gaze Behavior in Baseball Batting
Oct 24, 2017 • 24 min
Just in time for the start of the World Series: a look vision and gaze behavior in baseball batting. Which aspects of vision are critical for hitting? Do great batters have superior vision? Where do good batters look before the ball is released?
82 - Movement Instruction, Knowledge & Description
Oct 17, 2017 • 17 min
What are the key differences between describing an athlete’s movements, an athlete’s knowledge about those movements, and the instructions used by a coach to facilitate those movements? How can these different perspectives inform and sometimes hurt each…
81 – Interview with Tim Buszard, ISEAL, Scaling Equipment, WMC, Contextual Interference
Oct 10, 2017 • 29 min
A discussion with Tim Buszard, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Institute of Sport, Exercise & Active Living (ISEAL) & Tennis Australia. Topics include scaling sports equipment appropriately for kids, working memory capacity (WMC) and its role in…
80 – Interview with Gaby Wulf & Rebecca Lewthwaite, OPTIMAL Theory of Motor Learning
Oct 3, 2017 • 24 min
A discussion with Gaby Wulf, Professor in the Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences, UNLV, and Rebecca Lewthwaite, Director of Rehabilitation Outcomes Management at Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center and adjunct faculty at USC. We…
79 – Designing Affective Practice I: Using Pressure to Aid Motor Learning
Sep 26, 2017 • 24 min
Why is it important to include emotional context in practice? A look at the evidence for the beneficial effects of anxiety in training and guidelines for implementing pressure training.
78 – New Research on Changing Movement Patterns
Sep 19, 2017 • 19 min
When a coach identifies a maladaptive movement pattern in an athlete, what is the best way to change it? Do formal biomechanical evaluations help? How can we identify the origins of the problem? How can we improve agility and speed without disrupting…
77 – Achieving & Assessing Transfer in Sport Training
Sep 12, 2017 • 22 min
What is “transfer of training”? How should we be assessing it and what does research tell us is the best way to achieve it?
76 – Interview with Mark Williams, Utah, Talent ID and Development
Sep 5, 2017 • 39 min
A discussion with Mark Williams, Professor and Chair of the Department of Health, Kinesiology, and Recreation at the University of Utah. We discuss designing effective practice, talent identification and development and anticipation training.
75 – Attentional Theories of Choking Under Pressure Revisited II: Integrative Theories
Aug 29, 2017 • 20 min
Can the two opposing theoretical views of the role of attention in choking under pressure be integrated? A look at some theories that have attempted to do so and consideration of what still needs to be done in this area.
74 – Interview with Sam Vine, Exeter, Quiet Eye, Pressure, VR Training
Aug 22, 2017 • 37 min
A discussion with Sam Vine. Senior Lecturer of Psychology & Human Movement Science from the University of Exeter. We discuss recent research and unresolved issues related to the Quiet Eye, appraisal of stress and performing under pressures, and…
73 – Attentional Theories of Choking Under Pressure Revisited I: Critiques
Aug 15, 2017 • 31 min
Is focusing one’s attention on skill execution as a result of increased self-consciousness really the primary cause “choking under pressure”? Is the evidence in support of this theory flawed?
72 – Interview with Edward Coughlan, CIT, Skill Acquisition & Deliberate Practice
Aug 8, 2017 • 42 min
A discussion with Edward Coughlan. Lecturer in Skill Acquisition at the Cork Institute of Technology in Ireland. We discuss practice design, skill acquisition, deliberate practice, and occlusion training with Chin Up Googles. More information…
Skill Acquisition AZ (SAAZ) 2017 Meeting Announcement
Aug 7, 2017 • 1 min
Meeting webpage: If you are interested in attending please take the short survey on this page to help choose a date and provide info about presentation topics.
71 – Virtual Environments for Training & Understanding Sports Skills III: Altering Reality for Research
Aug 1, 2017 • 30 min
How have researchers used virtual environments to distort reality, disobey gravity, create conflicting feedback, and alter an athlete’s perception in the name of science? How have they effectively brought rate events in sports into the lab?
70 – Interview with Anne Benjaminse, Groningen, Attentional Focus in Injury Prevention & Recovery
Jul 25, 2017 • 14 min
A discussion with Anne Benjaminse from the Department for Human Movement Sciences at the University of Groningen, The Netherlands. We discuss the role of attentional focus in injury prevention and recovery, using video feedback and VR as…
69 – Virtual Environments for Training & Understanding Sports Skills II: Evaluating the Evidence
Jul 18, 2017 • 48 min
How effective are VEs for sports training? Have they achieved good fidelity? Can they induce competitive anxiety? Does augmentation help performance? Do they show evidence of transfer of training? Articles/links: More…
68 – Interview with Emma Mosley, Southampton Solent, Emotional Intelligence, HRV & Pressure
Jul 11, 2017 • 29 min
A discussion with Emma Mosley, Lecturer in the School of Sport, Health and Social Sciences at Southampton Solent University. We discuss topics including emotional intelligence, guidelines for using heart rate variability, performance under pressure,…
67 – Virtual Environments for Training & Understanding Sports Skills I: Why, How and When?
Jul 4, 2017 • 29 min
What are the potential advantages of using virtual environments (VE) to train and study sports skills? How should a VE be evaluated? How important is fidelity, presence, and cost? When is the best time to use a VE in relation to skill level and…
66 – Interview with Gerard Jones, Bristol Rovers FC, Coaching to Develop Decision Making
Jun 27, 2017 • 39 min
A discussion with Gerard Jones, Head of Coaching at Bristol Rovers Football Club. We discuss topics including developing decision making skills in players through improved communication, how to handle regional differences in sports vocabulary,…
65 – Body Awareness, Kinaesthetic Sensitivity & Proprioceptive Training
Jun 20, 2017 • 22 min
How important is feel or body awareness in sports? How can we assess kinaesthetic sensitivity and proprioceptive acuity in athletes and can these be improved through training? How does it influence an athlete’s ability to implement technical…
64 – Intermittent Vision: How Much Do We Need to Be Able to See To Act?
Jun 13, 2017 • 19 min
How well can we integrate samples from a visual scene (e.g. when an outfielder is trying to catch a fly ball and has to look from the ball to the wall and back)? How long of a view do we need and what interval between samples can we tolerate? Does…
63 – Innovative Video Feedback, Affordances for Movement & Team Coordination
Jun 6, 2017 • 22 min
News: A look at a few recent articles in the area of motor learning and performance. Can skill execution be improved by combining self and expert models in video feedback? How do combat athletes using affordance to control interpersonal distance? How…
62 – Interview with Stephanie Rossit, East Anglia, How the Brain Supports Perception & Action
May 30, 2017 • 41 min
A discussion with Stephanie Rossit, Lecturer in Psychology from the University of East Anglia in the UK. We discuss perceptual and action related deficits in visual neglect, brain areas associated with online and offline control of action, her recent…
61 – Interview with Damian Farrow, Victoria University/AIS, Practice Design
May 23, 2017 • 35 min
A discussion with Damian Farrow. Professor of Skill Acquisition at Victoria University in Melbourne Australia. We take a step by step look at practice design discussing how to determine the goals of practice, how to effectively manipulate constraints,…
60 – Interview with Jenelle Gilbert, CSU Fresno, Mental Skills Training
May 16, 2017 • 33 min
A discussion with Jenelle Gilbert, Professor in the Department of Kinesiology, California State University Fresno. We discuss the importance of mental skills training in sports and beyond, her concept of the Psychological UNIFORM, using a Game…
59 – Interview with Bruce Hoyer, MMA Coach, Next Edge Academy
May 9, 2017 • 21 min
A discussion with Bruce Hoyer, Martial Arts Coach at the Next Edge Academy in South Dakota. We discuss how Bruce has employed a variety of different ideas from sports science research in his coaching including using a flipped classroom, observational…
58 – Flow & Psychological Momentum
May 2, 2017 • 22 min
What do we mean when we say an athlete is “in the flow”? How often does it occur? What brings it on? Can we control it? How does it relate to “psychological momentum” and performance? Articles/links: More information:…
57 – Interview with John Kiely, UCLAN, Rethinking the Stress Process & Periodization
Apr 25, 2017 • 46 min
A discussion with John Kiely, Senior Lecturer in Elite Performance from the University of Central Lancashire. Topics discussed include the evolution of theories of stress, anxiety and injury, the role of psycho-emotional factors in the stress process…
56 – Variability & Motor Learning, Attentional Training, Explicit Instructions & Skill Transfer
Apr 18, 2017 • 21 min
News: Listener picks for articles to review including more research on the effect of variability on motor learning, attention training to reduce the effects of stress on performance and the effect of explicit instructions. Articles: …
55 – Interview with Harri Mannonen, Finland, Basketball as a Complex System
Apr 11, 2017 • 36 min
A discussion with Harri Mannonen, basketball coach based in Kouvola, Finland. Topics discussed include: why is it useful for coaches to look at basketball as a complex system, what is the best way to add variability to practice and what is the role of…
54 – Perceptual Learning III: Application to Sports
Apr 4, 2017 • 21 min
How can we apply the principles of perceptual learning to improve information pickup on the sports field? Articles/links: More information: Credits: The Flamin’ Groovies - Shake…
53 – Perceptual Learning II – Direct Learning
Mar 28, 2017 • 21 min
How does a performer become attuned to the perceptual information that is optimal for a task? Perceptual learning as a direct movement through information space guided by information for learning involving processes of education of intention,…
52 – Perceptual Learning I: Introduction
Mar 21, 2017 • 21 min
How does experience and practice change our ability to extract information from our environment and how can we best facilitate this process? What changes in our brain during perceptual learning? Articles/links: . More information:…
51 – Rule Changes to Make Sports More Exciting
Mar 7, 2017 • 11 min
Sports Science Shorts: will baseball’s new proposed rule changes to speed the pace of play make the game more exciting and attract new fans? What can we learn from similar attempts made in soccer? What determines a sport’s fans level of…
50 – Structure of Motor Variability & Learning Rate, Facebook & Anxiety, Child vs Adult Motor Learning
Feb 28, 2017 • 16 min
News: A look at a few recent articles in the area of motor learning and performance. Can the structure of motor variability predict the rate at which a performer learns a new skill? Does using social media before a game increase anxiety in an…
49 – Interview with Danny Newcombe, Oxford Brookes University, CLA & Coaching
Feb 21, 2017 • 37 min
A discussion with Danny Newcombe, Lecturer in Sports Coaching and PE, Oxford Brookes University. Topics discussed include: applying the constraints-led approach to practice design and physical education curriculum, research on the constraints-led…
48 – Interview with Diane Ste-Marie, University of Ottawa, Observational Learning & Feedback
Feb 14, 2017 • 57 min
A discussion with Diane Ste-Marie, Professor in the School of Human Kinetics at the University of Ottawa. Topics discussed include: why do athletes tend to perform better when they have control over the feedback they receive and when is…
47 – Interview with Dave Collins, Institute of Coaching & Performance, UCLAN
Feb 7, 2017 • 48 min
A discussion with Dave Collins, Professor & Director of the Institute of Coaching & Performance, University of Central Lancashire. Topics discussed include: what it’s like to be a sports psychologist, talent development, performance…
46 – Self Talk & Mantras in Sport
Jan 31, 2017 • 17 min
Do athletes perform better when they talk to themselves? Should the talk be motivational or instructional? Positive or negative? Does it work for both novices and experts? Articles/links: More information: …
45 – Soccer Illusions, Detecting Opponents with Sound & Training with Mirrors
Jan 24, 2017 • 14 min
News: A look at a few recent journal articles. Do soccer players and referees sometimes see an event that never really happened? Can a basketball player detect where a dribbler is headed using sound alone? Is doing exercise in front of a mirror…
44 –Social Facilitation of Performance & The 1st Sports Psych Experiment
Jan 17, 2017 • 14 min
Why does the presence of others change the performance of an individual athlete? Why is this social facilitation effect sometimes good and sometimes bad? Does it matter whether the other people are observing, evaluating or performing the same…
43 – P&A Court II: Low vs High Variability in Motor Control & Learning
Jan 10, 2017 • 33 min
Should the goal of practice be to reduce movement variability to as low a value as possible? Is high variability the signature of an unskilled performer or a necessity for effective learning? Articles/links: What variability tells us about…
42 – Top 5 Sport Psychology Stories of 2016
Jan 3, 2017 • 13 min
My list of the top 5 sports psychology stories from 2016: The death knell for brain games? Deliberate practice fights back! What to do about the relative age effect? Advances in Teamwork Research Somebody’s watching (or monitoring) me …
41 – Motion in Depth Blindness & Visual Channels
Dec 6, 2016 • 16 min
A look at visual channeling theory and its consequences for perception. Why are some people blind to approaching objects in certain areas of their visual field and what implications does it have for sport? Articles/links: More…
40B – Report from Sports Biometrics Conference
Nov 29, 2016 • 10 min
My report from the Sports Biometrics Conference held from Nov 13-15, 2016. Issues discussed include validity of analytics data, whether athletes are going to agree to be continuously monitored and the frequent disconnect between science and…
40A – Anxiety & Performance: Planning Actions, Motor Learning and Holistic Goals
Nov 22, 2016 • 14 min
News: A look at a few recent articles examining the effects of anxiety and pressure on performance and methods for counteracting these effects. Does pressure effect the planning or online control of movements? Could increasing anxiety in practice…
40 – P&A Court I: Monocular vs Binocular Vision
Nov 15, 2016 • 34 min
Why do we have two eyes? Is binocular vision necessary for successful performance of motor actions like those involved in sports and driving? Or is it just redundant information? What is it like to live with just one eye? Articles/links: …
39B – Specificity vs Variability in Training/My Ultra Update
Nov 8, 2016 • 15 min
Which is better: specific or variable practice? How does it depend on what you are trying to achieve in terms of retention and transfer of skill? The ultramarathon as a complex system and my report on surviving my first one! …
39A – Halloween Special II: Effects of Fear on Perception & Performance
Oct 31, 2016 • 12 min
Is fear in a performer a debilitating problem that must be overcome? Or can freezing from fear actually improve our ability to perceive and act? Articles: More information: Credits: Port City Music – Night Terrors Sleep…
39 – Perceptual-Motor Development II: Ecological Approach
Oct 25, 2016 • 21 min
A look at perceptual-motor development from the ecological perspective. If it’s not pre-programmed by our genetics, how does a child’s pattern of movements emerge from the dynamical constraints of their environment? And how does movement…
38A – Interview with Andrew Wilson, Leeds Beckett, Ecological Approach
Oct 18, 2016 • 52 min
A discussion Andrew Wilson from Leeds Beckett. We discuss ecological psychology ideas like motor abundance, functional equivalence and degeneracy, Andrew’s recent study on task dynamics and information in throwing, his work on affordances and…
38 – Perceptual-Motor Development I: Traditional Approaches
Oct 13, 2016 • 24 min
A look at perceptual-motor development from an information processing, stage-based perspective. What is the relative importance of genetics and early experience? Are their critical periods in which perceptual and motor skills must develop? What…
37D - Sciencing My Way Through Ultrarunning: Intro
Oct 11, 2016 • 14 min
Thinking aloud about some sports science issues as I prepare for my first 50K ultra. What is the optimal focus of attention for a runner and how does it change as you switch from road to trail? How can one best acquire the skill of…
37C – Interview with Kylie Steel, Western Sydney, Applying Biological Motion
Oct 6, 2016 • 22 min
A discussion with Kylie Steel Senior Lecturer in the School of Science and Health at Western Sydney University in Australia. In the interview we discuss biological motion: what is it and how can we apply it to sport, how important is it to be able to…
37B – Sports Science Shorts: Stereotype Threat & Performance
Oct 4, 2016 • 13 min
What is stereotype threat and how can it affect sports performance? Is it possible that being challenged by a statement like “girls can’t play sports” could make a female athlete perform better in some situations? Articles: …
37A – Interview with Joe Baker, York, Talent ID & Development
Sep 29, 2016 • 32 min
A discussion with Joe Baker, Professor in the School of Kinesiology and Health Science at York University in Canada. Topics include: how good are we at identifying talent, early specialization vs diversification, designing effective learning…
37 – UAVs, Drones & Helicopters/Inhibiting Actions in Sports
Sep 27, 2016 • 23 min
A look at the unique perceptual and cognitive issues associated with uninhabited air vehicles (UAVs) and helicopters. Are fully automated drones a good idea? What are some of the technologies that have been developed to improve performance with these…
36C – Interview with Costas Karageorghis, Brunel, Applying Music in Sport
Sep 22, 2016 • 34 min
A discussion with Costas Karageorghis, Reader in Sport Psychology from Brunel University and author of the new book “Applying Music in Exercise and Sport”. We discuss topics including how music can make athletes perform better and for longer, how…
36B – Ringside Feedback in Boxing, Action Capabilities & Perceived Location
Sep 20, 2016 • 12 min
News: What type of feedback do coaches give to boxers between rounds? Does the attentional focus, level of autonomy and valence of the feedback relate to winning and losing? How do the inherent capabilities of a performer (i.e., skill level) interact…
36A – Interview with Amit Katwala, Applying Neuroscience to Sports
Sep 15, 2016 • 25 min
A discussion with Amit Katwala, senior writer for Sport Magazine and author of the new book: The Athletic Brain: How Neuroscience is Revolutionizing Sport and Can Help You Perform Better. we discuss topics including how the brains of elites…
36 – Aviation Instruments & Automation/Causal Mechanisms of the Quiet Eye
Sep 13, 2016 • 25 min
A look at some of the developments in cockpit technology. Do “glass cockpits” really lead to better flying performance? Can Head-Up Displays and Highways in the Sky reduce pilot workload? Has automation in aviation lived up to its promise? -Why…
35C – Sports Science Shorts: Reversal of the Relative Age Effect
Sep 8, 2016 • 9 min
Does the advantage of being relatively older (i.e., being born in Jan, Feb or March) hold up when the highest levels of sport are examined? Why might this effect reverse, giving a clear advantage to the relatively young underdogs? …
35B – Effects of Increasing Contextual Interference & Augmented Audio Feedback on Motor Learning
Sep 6, 2016 • 11 min
News: A look at a couple recent motor learning studies. How can we build on basic concepts such like contextual interference and extrinsic feedback to speed skill acquisition? Articles: More information: Credits: The Flamin’…
35A - Sport Science Shorts: Review of “The Arm”, Injury Prevention & Recovery
Sep 1, 2016 • 11 min
One of the greatest challenges those of us working in sports currently face is how to keep athletes healthy and on the field. Should we take a conservative approach, giving them more rest days and not pushing them so hard in practice? Or…
35 – Flight Simulation & Training/Part vs Whole Practice
Aug 30, 2016 • 25 min
A discussion of the history of flight training with an emphasis on flight simulation. What makes a good simulator? Should it really perfectly re-create the real world? Can we identify effective pilots through screening tests? -Part vs whole training…
34B - Adventures in Analytics: Intro to Bayes Theorem & Fantasy Football
Aug 25, 2016 • 9 min
What are conditional probabilities and how can they be used to help you draft and set you weekly lineup for a fantasy football team? More About the Analysis: More information: Credits: The Flamin’ Groovies - Shake Some Action Lame…
34A – Report from Sports Expertise Workshop
Aug 23, 2016 • 11 min
A few thoughts on the “Seeing the forest and the trees: Theoretical and practical issues in sport expertise” workshop held in conjunction with Annual Meeting of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSA)…
34 – Plane Crash Analysis/Famous Sporting Errors
Aug 16, 2016 • 29 min
An analysis of some of the most serious plane crashes that were caused by human error with a goal of understanding what happened in terms of perceptual-motor and cognitive processes. What can we learn from these unfortunate incidents so that they…
33 – Information Processing in Aviation /Self-Controlled Feedback in Sports
Aug 2, 2016 • 29 min
How do pilots use all the information from the outside environment, instruments and air traffic control to make decisions and act? Does their ability to sample information depend on experience? What are some of the common decision making…
32 – Spatial Disorientation in Aviation/Ironic Effects of Pressure in Pitching
Jul 19, 2016 • 25 min
How does a pilot know which way is up or whether they are banking left or right? Sounds easy, but maintaining spatial orientation is one of the most difficult challenges in aviation. What visual and vestibular information can be used to orient…
31 –Visual Perception in Aviation/ Manipulating Spatial & Temporal Constraints in Practice
Jul 5, 2016 • 28 min
What visual information can a pilot use to land a plane? What misperceptions can occur and how can they lead to crashes? What is the Black Hole Illusion? -What is the best way to train an athlete: start easy or start hard?(Time…
30 –Driver Training & Testing/What is the Greatest Sports Record?
Jun 21, 2016 • 23 min
How effective is driver training and education? Is it helping to reduce accidents? Which countries have the most difficult driver’s tests? Can simulation help improve training and licensing procedures? -What is the most unbreakable…
29 –Risk Perception & Tolerance in Driving/Glare & Sports
Jun 7, 2016 • 26 min
How good are drivers at detecting the risks and dangers that lurk around the corner? What is the best way to assess this ability? Do people actually want some risk when driving? Is the desire for risk going to counteract our efforts to…
28B - Sport Science Shorts: Soccer Penalty Kicks
May 30, 2016 • 9 min
A look at the psychological side of penalty kicks to get you ready for Euro 2016. How does a penalty shootout compare to high pressure situations in other sports? What is the best strategy for taking a penalty? Is it important to have a pre-kick…
28A – Interview with Sam Miller, Baseball Prospectus, Putting Analytics into Practice
May 26, 2016 • 32 min
A discussion with Sam Miller, Editor in Chief at Baseball Prospectus and co-author of the new book: The Only Rule Is It Has to Work: Our Wild Experiment Building a New Kind of Baseball Team. We discuss the story of how Sam and his co-author Ben…
28 – Older and Younger Drivers/Guiding an Athlete’s Attention
May 24, 2016 • 28 min
Why do teenage and elderly drivers have consistently higher accident rates? Are teenagers just being careless and risky? Does it matter who is in the car with them? Do the declines perceptual and cognitive skills associated with age making…
27E - Adventures in Analytics: Spieth’s Future and the Choking Hangover
May 23, 2016 • 12 min
How well do performers recover from incidents of choking under pressure? An examination of some baseball data to determine which factors influence whether or there is lingering performance effect after a choke. To See the Data, Figures & R…
27D – Interview with Anders Ericsson, FSU, The New Science of Expertise
May 19, 2016 • 32 min
A discussion with Anders Ericsson, Professor of Psychology atFlorida State University and co-author of the new book: Peak: TheSecrets from the New Science of Expertise. We touch on topicsincluding purposeful vs deliberate practice, whether…
27C – Effects of Mental Fatigue on Attention & Decision Making in Sports
May 17, 2016 • 11 min
News: What effect does mental fatigue have on sports performance? Does fatigue change our ability to focus our attention, anticipate and make decisions on the field? Or does it just decrease or motivation to do all…
27B - Sport Science Shorts: Augmented Reality in Sports Broadcasting
May 16, 2016 • 8 min
Is adding virtual objects (e.g., the offside line in soccer or the first down line in football) to augment sports broadcasts always a good way to enhance a fan’s experience or can it be taken too far? My ESPN K Zone…
27A – Interview with Mark Anshell, MTSU, In Praise of Failure
May 12, 2016 • 29 min
A discussion with Mark Anshell, Professor of Health & Human Performance at Middle Tennessee State University and author of the new book: “In Praise of Failure in Sport: The Value of Overcoming Mistakes to Achieve Optimal Performance Success”….
27 – Driver Warnings/Tunnel Vision in Sports
May 10, 2016 • 27 min
If your vehicle can detect you are about to collide with something how should it warn you? As it turns out, getting the human factors issues (e.g., timing, modality, level of information) correct is critical to getting a fast and appropriate response…
26E - Sport Science Shorts: Psychology Strikes Out!
May 9, 2016 • 16 min
The story of Coleman Griffith, the first psychologist to work with a professional sports team. Was he a hit with the Chicago Cubs in 1938? Or was it a big swing and a miss? Articles/links: More…
26D – Interview with Peter Fadde, SIU, Sports Training and VR
May 5, 2016 • 36 min
A discussion with Peter Fadde from Southern Illinois University. We touch on several topics related to training including perception-action coupling, part vs whole training and sport specificity. We also do a deep dive into VR use in sports,…
26C –Talent ID Using Perceptual-Motor Assessments/ Sensorimotor Rhythm Feedback for Training
May 3, 2016 • 13 min
News: Can tests of general perceptual motor skills (e.g., agility, speed, eye-hand coordination) given to 7-11 year olds predict future participation and performance in sports? Can neurofeedback training improve sports…
26B – Adventures in Analytics: Pitching Entropy/100th Episode
May 2, 2016 • 11 min
Hurray for the 100th Episode of the Podcast! Can baseball pitchers overcome a lack of velocity by being less predictable? How does entropy relate to success in sports? To See the Data, Figures & R Code from the Analysis Please Go…
26A– Interview with Denise Hill, University of Portsmouth, Choking Under Pressure
Apr 28, 2016 • 35 min
A discussion with Denise Hill, Lecturer in Sport & Exercise Psychology at the University of Portsmouth. We discuss the experience of choking from the athlete’s point of view, whether we have been using the wrong definition of choking, how…
26 – Driver Assistance Systems & Automated Vehicles/Designing Effective Sports Training
Apr 26, 2016 • 23 min
What new technologies are being developed to make driving safer? Will they remedy all the problems of driver distraction? Are we ready for an automated car to do the driving for us? 5 evidence-based tips for designing effective…
25E - Adventures in Analytics: Handedness & Batting Stance
Apr 25, 2016 • 12 min
What is the relationship between the hand you throw with and how you hold a bat? How do players choose which side to bat from? Is it better to have your dominant hand higher or lower? My analysis of Major League Baseball data trying to answer these…
25D– Interview with Jordan Muraskin, deCervo, Brain Recording & Sports
Apr 21, 2016 • 35 min
A discussion with Jordan Muraskin, post-doctoral fellow at Columbia University and co-inventor of deCervo. We discuss topics including his research on the brain activity that underlies fast decision making in sport, combining EEG and fmri to…
25C – Using Fractions to Save Soccer Balls/Gymnastics Movement Feedback
Apr 19, 2016 • 8 min
News: How do soccer goalkeepers move in response to shots coming from different directions and with curved trajectories? How can fractions be used to explain this behavior? Which factors influence the way in which coaches give error feedback to…
25B - Sport Science Shorts: Why Can’t We Perceive Acceleration & Does it Matter?
Apr 18, 2016 • 7 min
How can we be so good at hitting and catching accelerating objects when we can’t really judge acceleration? Do we use anticipation or just correct errors based on feedback? Articles: . . . More…
25A– Interview with Sam Sommers, Tufts University, This is Your Brain on Sports
Apr 14, 2016 • 18 min
A discussion with Sam Sommers, Associate Professor of Psychology from Tufts University and co-author of the recently released book, This is Your Brain on Sports: The Science of Underdogs, the Value of Rivalry, and What We Can Learn…
25 – Driver Distraction /Bringing Sports into the Lab
Apr 12, 2016 • 28 min
How much does talking or texting on a smart phone impair driving performance? How can we get drivers’ attention back on the road? How can we effectively bring the sports field into the lab by creating representative task designs?…
24E - Sport Science Shorts: Nonverbal Communication
Apr 11, 2016 • 7 min
How important is nonverbal communication (e.g., hand gestures, high fives, using gaze) in sports? Why is a lot of the communication that occurs between athletes ineffective? Articles/links: More…
24D– Interview with Dan McGehee, University of Iowa
Apr 7, 2016 • 30 min
A discussion with Dan McGehee, Director of the Transportation and Vehicle Safety Research Program in the Public Policy Center at the University of Iowa. We discuss how driver behavior in a simulator compares to a real car, using black box recordings…
24C – A Constraints-Led Approach to the Quiet Eye, Gaze Training in Beach Volleyball
Apr 5, 2016 • 11 min
News: How has research on the quiet eye manipulated the performer, environment and task constraints? What questions are still unanswered? Does training a novice to have eye movements like an expert improve decision…
24B - Sport Science Shorts: Bobbing, Weaving & Deceptive Actions
Apr 4, 2016 • 9 min
Why do even the most elite athletes sometimes get completely fooled by a killer step-over move in soccer, head fake in football, or cross-over dribble in basketball? Where should an athlete look on their opponent’s body to avoid being…
24A– Interview with Natasha Merat, ITS, University of Leeds
Mar 31, 2016 • 24 min
A discussion with Natasha Merat, Associate Professor in the Institute for Transport Studies at The University of Leeds. We discuss topics including detecting driving distraction, the effects of fatigue on driving and how to keep a driver in the loop…
24 – Attention & Memory in Driving/Tactical Creativity in Sports
Mar 29, 2016 • 26 min
How much attention is required to drive effectively? Is driving a manual transmission really done automatically? How well do we remember the details of driving accidents? What is the best way to develop tactical creativity and…
23E- Sport Science Shorts: Color Blindness in Athletes & Fans
Mar 28, 2016 • 6 min
Are athletes with color vision deficiencies less likely to make it to the elite levels of sport? If they do get there, will their color blindness effect their performance or determine which position they…
23D– Interview with Nick Reed, Transport Research Lab
Mar 24, 2016 • 23 min
A discussion with Nick Reed, Academy Director at the Transport Research Lab in the UK. We discuss topics including ball catching, distracted driving, new in car technologies, the human factors and ethical challenges associated driverless vehicles, and…
23C – Letting it Happen vs Making it Happen/Challenging the Truths of Motor Learning
Mar 22, 2016 • 10 min
News: What exactly does it mean to be in “the flow” as an athlete? Can we make it happen or do we just need to let it happen? Is it really true that skill acquisition is a single process that strives for low variability and is constrained…
23B - Sport Science Shorts: Transfer from Cricket to Baseball
Mar 21, 2016 • 9 min
Which is harder: hitting a baseball or cricket ball? Will Kieran Powell be successful in his attempt to transfer between the two sports? Articles/links: More information: Credits: The Flamin’ Groovies -…
23A– Interview with Keith Lohse, Auburn, Motor Learning & Rehabilitation
Mar 17, 2016 • 38 min
A discussion with Keith Lohse, Assistant Professor of Kinesiology and Director of the Rehabilitation Informatics Lab at Auburn University. We discuss topics including internal vs external focus of attention, the role of engagement in learning,…
23 – Gap Acceptance in Driving/Pain Perception in Athletes
Mar 15, 2016 • 27 min
How do drivers decide whether or not it is safe to make a turn in front of an oncoming car or overtake and pass a more slowly moving vehicle? Why are these situations so dangerous? Do athletes have a higher tolerance for pain than non-athletes?…
22E- Sport Science Shorts: Lumosity & the Future of Brain Training in Sport
Mar 14, 2016 • 10 min
What does the $2 million ruling against Lumosity mean for the future of brain training? Should we give up on generalized perceptual-cognitive training for sport, or do we just need more evidence? Articles/Links: More…
22D – Interview with Cathy Craig, QUB, Understanding & Improving Movement
Mar 10, 2016 • 39 min
A discussion with Cathy Craig, Professor of Perception & Action Psychology at Queen’s University Belfast. We discuss topics including understanding and improvement movement in areas including pre-mature infants, soccer and Parkinson’s…
22C – Tactical Knowledge in Soccer, How Similar are Throwing & Serving?
Mar 8, 2016 • 13 min
News: How is coordination achieved in team sports? Does drawing plays on a white board really transfer to on field performance? Is telling a tennis player to “throw their racquet at the ball” a good way to teach…
22B - Sport Science Shorts: Perceptual-Motor Control in Cycling
Mar 7, 2016 • 7 min
A look at some cycling science from a perceptual-motor control perspective. Where does a cyclist look when going around a curve? What control strategies do young cyclists use? Does seat height effect steering…
22A – Interview with Nancy Cooke, ASU, Team performance
Mar 3, 2016 • 22 min
A discussion with Nancy Cooke, Professor of Human Systems Engineering at Arizona State University. We discuss topics including how individual and team cognition differ, Nancy’s theory of Interactive Team Cognition, how teamwork is acquired, and…
22 – Braking & Steering/Knuckleballs
Mar 1, 2016 • 24 min
How does a driver know when to start braking and whether they are braking hard enough to avoid a collision? Where do we look when we steer around a curve? Do race car drivers look somewhere different? Why is it so hard to hit (and throw!) a…
21E - Sport Science Shorts: A Ball By Any Other Color
Feb 29, 2016 • 8 min
Does ball color effect performance in sports? Do cricket batsman have the right to complain about pink balls and baseball batters about the brief experiment with orange ones? Articles/links: More…
21D – Interview with Noel Rousseau, PGA golf professional and coach
Feb 25, 2016 • 25 min
A discussion with Noel Rousseau, PGA golf professional, coach and developer of the Everyday Golf Coach app. We discuss automaticity, how coaching needs to be tailored to individual players, handling pressure, and how sports psychology is viewed in…
21C – Does 3D MOT training transfer to sport? How good are airport baggage screeners?
Feb 23, 2016 • 12 min
News: Does training using the 3D multiple object tracking (Neurotracker) system transfer to on-field performance in soccer? How good are baggage screeners at detecting threatening object? How does their performance depend on passenger volume and…
21B – Sport Science Shorts: Skill Acquisition in the Movies, the Award goes to
Feb 22, 2016 • 7 min
A look at some infamous movie training scenes from a skill acquisition and motor learning perspective. Awards for best use of contextual inference, best constraints led-approach, best use of key performance indicators and more! We’re gonna need…
21A – Interview with Amy Whitehead, LJMU, Think Aloud Protocols, Decision Making in Sport
Feb 18, 2016 • 22 min
A discussion with Amy Whitehead, Senior Lecturer in Sports Coaching and Physical Education, at Liverpool John Moores University. We discuss her new study looking at the effect of pressure on the thought processes of golfers, using the Think Aloud…
21 – Visual Perception in Driving/Heuristics & Decision Making in Sports
Feb 16, 2016 • 25 min
How do drivers use visual cues to judge distance, speed and heading? How does our vision change during night driving? What simple rules can athletes, referees and umpires use to make quick decisions? (Time: 19:45) Links to articles…
20E- Sport Science Shorts: Unorthodox Technique
Feb 15, 2016 • 10 min
Should we be correcting the form of an athlete with an unusual movement pattern? Or could this actually give them an advantage? What do the different skill acquisition theories have to say about it? Articles/links: More…
20D – Interview with Stuart Armstrong, Player Pathways Manager with the Rugby Football Union
Feb 11, 2016 • 51 min
A discussion with Stuart Armstrong Rugby Football Union. We discuss topics including talent development and talent identification, the problems with competition, encouraging creativity through practice design and sports analytics. More…
20C – The Ecological Approach to Perception-Action & Implications for Skill Acquisition
Feb 9, 2016 • 26 min
What are the key ideas of the ecological approach to perception-action first proposed by James Gibson? How do they differ from the traditional approach? What are affordances? Are representations and internal models evil? Does…
20B - Sport Science Shorts: Let’s Talk about Sex & Sports
Feb 8, 2016 • 8 min
Is there any validity to the long-held belief by many athletes and coaches that having sex the night before a big competition will impair sports performance? Should you be abstaining this Valentine’s Day if you have to play the next…
20A – Interview with Barbara Barclay, President, Right Eye
Feb 4, 2016 • 43 min
A discussion with Barbara Barclay, President of Right Eye, a company developing products to measure, analyze and transform visual performance. We discuss topics including the present and future of eye tracking for sport, how visual problems might…
20 – Imagery & Observational Learning
Feb 2, 2016 • 25 min
Exploration of ways in which an athlete can develop and enhance their sports skills without actually performing them: by using imagery and observational learning. Does mentally rehearsing or imaging yourself performing an action really…
19E - Sport Science Shorts: Some Super Football Science
Feb 1, 2016 • 10 min
A little football science to get you ready for the big game on Sunday! How does a QB lead a receiver, how does the receiver using visual information to run to the ball and how good are officials at judging pass interference…
19D – Interview with Michael Grey, University of Birmingham, Motor Neuroscience, Neuroplasticity & Concussions
Jan 28, 2016 • 34 min
A discussion with Michael Grey, Reader in Motor Neuroscience and Director of the Neuroplasticity & Neurorehabilitation Lab at the University of Birmingham. We discuss topics including neuroplasticity, applying brain stimulation to sports, the…
19C – Are We Color Blind When Performing an Action? Can Collision Detection Be Trained?
Jan 26, 2016 • 11 min
News: Does using our dorsal visual stream during the control of action make us color blind? When we improve after visual perception training is it really perception that is improved? Articles: More…
19B - Sport Science Shorts: Review of This is Your Brain on Sports: Beating Blocks, Slumps & Performance Anxiety
Jan 25, 2016 • 14 min
My review of the book “This is Your Brain on Sports: Beating Blocks, Slumps & Performance Anxiety”. How are past injuries and performance failures related to an athlete’s current struggles. Is Brain Spotting the key to preventing…
19A – Interview with Jennifer Cumming, University of Birmingham, Imagery and Mental Skills Training
Jan 21, 2016 • 33 min
A discussion with Jennifer Cumming, University of Birmingham. We discuss topics including imagery use and observational learning in athletes, mental skills training, tools for assessing the psychological abilities of athletes, and using sports…
19 – Consolidation & Interference Between Training Sessions
Jan 19, 2016 • 24 min
What processes occur during the times when an athlete is not on the field or court, that is there off-time between practices and competitions. How important are these rest periods for learning sports skills? Does it matter what an athlete…
18E –Sports Science Shorts: Schema Theory, the Motor Program & Contributions of Richard Schmidt
Jan 18, 2016 • 15 min
Back in October of last year we lost one of the great thinkers and researchers in Motor Control and Motor Learning, UCLA Professor Richard Schmidt. Richard’s Schema Theory of Motor Learning and Generalized Motor Program have been both…
18D – Interview with Duarte Araujo, University of Lisbon, Portugal, Ecological Dynamics in Sport
Jan 14, 2016 • 44 min
A discussion with Duarte Araujo, University of Lisbon. We discuss topics including an ecological approach to talent identification, affordances, non-linear pedagogy, developing sports analytics with a sound theoretical basis and Duarte’s…
18C – Does Aerobic Exercise Improve Motor Learning, Designing Practice to Promote Transfer
Jan 12, 2016 • 10 min
News: Does going for a 30min run make it easier to learn a motor skill afterwards? Is there an optimal balance between stability and flexibility in practice? Articles: More information: Credits: The…
18B –Sports Science Shorts: Choking Under Pressure Q&A
Jan 11, 2016 • 9 min
Articles: More information: Credits: The Flamin’ Groovies - Shake Some Action Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com
18A – Interview with Mark Upton, Coaching Science Manger, English Institute of Sport
Jan 7, 2016 • 42 min
A discussion with Mark Upton, Coaching Science Manger, English Institute of Sport. We discuss skill acquisition, coaching under pressure, being a sports parent and complexity in practice design. More information about my…
18 – Performance Feedback
Jan 5, 2016 • 28 min
With the ever increasing availability of tracking and monitoring technology it is becoming easier and easier for an athlete to get feedback about their results and performance. But is the too much of a good thing? How does feedback…
17A – New Year’s Resolutions, Do Clutch Athletes Really Exist?
Dec 29, 2015 • 11 min
News: My new year’s resolutions for 2016. Is there any evidence of NBA players being clutch under pressure? Articles: More information: Twitter: @shakeywaits Credits: Roger McGuinn- Aulde Lang…
17 – Getting Deliberate About Practice & The 10K Hour Rule
Dec 22, 2015 • 26 min
How much does an athlete need to practice to become truly elite? What should it involve? Should it be fun? Can everyone become a great athlete if they just practice enough? In this episode, I focus on the most well-…
16B –Live Skill Acquisition Discussion with Shawn Myszka
Dec 17, 2015 • 61 min
A replay of our live discussion on the topic skill acquisition in which we covered topics including: Early specialization vs diversification? Deliberate play vs deliberate practice? Are athletes born or made? What fundamental movement skills should a…
16A - Xmas Special: Bad Gifts, Slipping on Ice, The Problem with Fruit Cake
Dec 15, 2015 • 13 min
How do people regulate and modify their emotions (e.g., when pretending to like a bad gift)? Is this what is involved in choking under pressure? Why do people slip on ice – is our visual system letting us down, literally? Why does everybody hate…
16 – Implicit Learning & Learning By Analogy
Dec 8, 2015 • 25 min
How can we learn to shoot a basketball by thinking about a cookie jar and learn to putt a golf ball by thinking about toothpaste?!! Can a novice athlete really become great without being given any verbal instructions about how to actually…
15D - Sports Science Shorts: Top 5 Sport Psychology Stories of 2015
Dec 7, 2015 • 12 min
My list of the top 5 stories in sports psychology/motor learning in 2015: 5.Skill acquisition is better when things look bigger 4.Is sports psychology research reliable 3.Neurodoping! Becoming a better athlete with brain stimulation 2.Yes,…
15C – Interview with Josh Miller. Have We Been Wrong About the Hot Hand Effect for 30 Years?
Dec 3, 2015 • 43 min
A discussion with Josh Miller, Assistant Professor of Decision Sciences at Bocconni University, about his and Adam Sanjurjo’s recent work which has reversed the findings of 30 years of research on performance streaks in sports. Their work…
15B - Are Goalkeepers Gambling in Penalty Shoot Outs, Feeling the Wind in Sailing
Dec 1, 2015 • 11 min
News: Do soccer goalkeepers suffer from the gambler’s fallacy in penalty shoot-outs? Are expert sailors better at judging the direction of wind from the feel on their skin? Articles: More…
15A - Sports Science Shorts: Perception through the Eyes of the Fan. Is Watching Sports a Skill That Improves with Practice?
Nov 30, 2015 • 6 min
How do fans perceive the action going on in sports? Does your ability to watch a sport improve with hours of practice in front of your TV? How does the perception of fans differ from the perception of the athletes themselves? Why was the…
15– Live from the Grand Canyon! Perception in Hiking & Climbing
Nov 24, 2015 • 18 min
How do we use vision to control the placement of our feet on rough terrain, to avoid spraining that ankle? How do anxiety, fear and fatigue change the way we perform these activities? What differs between elite and novice climbers? …
14D - Sports Science Shorts: Are Running & Finishing a Marathon the Same?
Nov 23, 2015 • 7 min
Is Pearl Izumi right: “marathons have changed from a race to run to a box to be checked”? Is Associative or Dissociative Attention better for running and how does it depend on pace? Articles/links: More…
14C – Interview with Keith Davids, Sheffield Hallam University, Constraints-Led Approach to Skill Acquisition
Nov 19, 2015 • 52 min
A discussion with Keith Davids, Professor of Motor Learning at Sheffield Hallam University and an innovator of the constraints lead approach to skill acquisition and coaching. We discuss using ecological dynamics to study sports performance, sport…
14B - On the Advantage of Being a Lefty in Sports, Cooperating with Automated Cars
Nov 17, 2015 • 11 min
News: Why is it so difficult to play against left-handed opponents in sports? Will you drivers be ready when automated cars need them to take over? Articles: More information: Twitter: @Shakeywaits Email:…
14A - Sports Science Shorts: Review of See to Play, The Eyes of Elite Athletes
Nov 16, 2015 • 13 min
My Review of the book “See to Play, The Eyes of Elite Athletes” by Dr Michael Peters. Do I see eye to eye with his views on the role of vision in sports? Articles/links: More information: Twitter:…
14 –Technique Change
Nov 10, 2015 • 29 min
Making adjustments to a heavily practiced, well established skill can be one of the most difficult tasks required of an experienced athlete. Although there can be several situations in sport for which this is required (e.g., rule or/and equipment…
13D - Sports Science Shorts: The Effect of Cold Weather on Sports Performance
Nov 9, 2015 • 9 min
Ice, Ice Baby! As the thermometer keeps dropping what effect will the cold weather have on the perceptual-motor abilities of athletes? Articles/links: More information: Twitter:…
P&A Podcast going LIVE!
Nov 5, 2015 • 4 min
The Perception & Action Podcast is going and I want you to be involved (or at least just watch). On Wednesday November 11, 2015 at 9AM AZ/8 AM PST I will host my first live discussion on the general topic of skill acquisition using . My…
13C – Interview with Shawn Myszka, Movement Mastery, NFL Skills Trainer
Nov 3, 2015 • 63 min
A discussion with Shawn Myszka, movement skills trainer for the National Football League. We discuss connecting research and practice, technique change, dealing with injury, choking under pressure and look at the constraints lead or dynamic…
13B - Sports Science Shorts: My Head Training Journey Part 2
Nov 2, 2015 • 8 min
The second installment of My Head Training Journey where I examine whether a smart phone app can improve sports performance. Does the luge game race to the finish or going flying off the track? My first episode on this topic can be found…
13A - Halloween Special: Superstitious Rituals in Sports
Oct 29, 2015 • 12 min
How prevalent are superstitious rituals in sports e.g., always wearing the same socks, eating the same meal or listening to the same music on game day? Do they serve actually serve a purpose? Articles: More…
13 –Dealing with Sports Injuries
Oct 27, 2015 • 24 min
Recovering from an injury can be one of the most difficult challenges an athlete can face. In this episode I discuss two topics related to this issue. First, I look at the growing epidemic that is sport related concussions and consider…
12D – Sports Science Shorts: 25 Years of Dynavision, a Case Study in Vision Training in Sports
Oct 26, 2015 • 14 min
Dynavision is a visual training device that has been marketed for improving sports performance and has been around for roughly 25 years. It has received a lot of anecdotal support from athlete but what does the research say about its…
12C – Interview with Alana D’Andrade, Fitlight Sport Corporation
Oct 22, 2015 • 24 min
A discussion with Alana D’Andrade, Director of Business Development for Fitlight Sport Corporation whose main product is the Fitlight Trainer, a system designed to improve an athlete’s reaction time, speed, agility and awareness. Along…
12B - Everybody Sees Better after Kung Fu Fighting, The Danger of Watching Novices
Oct 20, 2015 • 14 min
News: Do sports help protect against the effects of ageing? Can observing the performance of a novice hurt the actions of an expert? Articles: More information: Twitter: @Shakeywaits Email: robgray@asu.edu …
12A - Sports Science Shorts: Icing the Kicker, The Effect of Waiting on High Pressure Performance
Oct 19, 2015 • 7 min
Does making an athlete wait longer to perform a high pressure action (e.g., icing the kicker in football) increase the chance of them choking? If so, why does it occur? Articles: More information: Twitter:…
12 –Hot Hands, Cold Hands & Performance Streaks
Oct 13, 2015 • 25 min
I tackle what has been one of the most interesting and contentious issues in sports psychology: hot and cold streaks in performance. Does the hot hand exist? What is the best way to get out a slump? Is an athlete’s ability to perform under…
11D - Sports Science Shorts: My Head Training Journey
Oct 12, 2015 • 9 min
Can training with the new HeadTrainer app make you a better athlete? The beginning of my “head training journey” () where I dig into the science behind this first game in this app. Links to articles…
11C – Interview with Robert Gronbeck, Perceptual-Cognitive Sports Trainer & Coach
Oct 8, 2015 • 53 min
A discussion with Robert Gronbeck, owner and coach at Cairns Sport Performance Clinic in Australia. Covering topics including: being an entrepreneur in sports psychology, perceptual-cognitive training using multiple object tracking, evaluating…
11B - Ultra-Marathoners Mental Skills, Choking Under Pressure-How Ironic!
Oct 6, 2015 • 11 min
News: Do good endurance athlete have superior perceptual and cognitive skills? Why do we sometimes do exactly the thing we are trying to avoid under pressure? Articles: More information: Twitter: @Shakeywaits Email:…
11A - Sports Science Shorts: The Home Choke & MLB Playoffs
Oct 5, 2015 • 6 min
Is it better to play and home or on the road in a sudden death playoff game? Is the “home choke” real? Links to articles discussed: How to Listen & Subscribe to The Perception Action…
11 –Performing & Choking Under Pressure
Sep 29, 2015 • 22 min
We have all seen it. A great athlete has a chance to win a championship. All that is required for them to do something they have done hundreds of times before…sink a 3 foot putt, make a free throw, kick a 20 year field goal. And…
10C - Sports Science Shorts: Which is Tougher, Rugby or Football?
Sep 28, 2015 • 5 min
This past Friday one of my personal favorite sporting events kicked off…the Rugby World Cup. The NFL Football season is also of course now in full swing. So, which sport has the bigger hits: football or…
10B – NBA Performance Analysis, Will Automated Cars Make Us Complacent?
Sep 22, 2015 • 9 min
News: Do NBA All Stars run further and faster? Do in-car technologies make drivers complacent? Articles: More information: Twitter: @Shakeywaits Email: robgray@asu.edu Credits: JC Brooks & The Uptown…
10A - Sports Science Shorts: The Case of the FTC v Ultimeyes
Sep 21, 2015 • 7 min
Is the claim that visual training can “improve vision” deceptive and worthy of a $150K fine from the FTC? Can we say that the benefits of visual training will transfer to sports performance? Links to articles…
10 - Skill Retention and Transferring to a New Sport
Sep 15, 2015 • 25 min
How long do athletes retain the sports skills they learn: 5 years, 10 years, forever? If they do lose something, what is it? How easy is it to transfer from one sport to another? What factors determine whether or not transfer will be…
9B - Sports Science Shorts: Serena’s Choke? Auburn’s Virtually Awful QB
Sep 14, 2015 • 7 min
Did Serena Williams choke under pressure in her historical US Open loss? Is virtual reality training going to revolutionize quarterback play? It certainly doesn’t seem to be working for Auburn’s Jeremy Johnson. Links…
9A - Catching the Perfect Wave, You’ve Got Distraction!
Sep 8, 2015 • 9 min
News: Can surfers really detect a perfect wave? Are smart phone notifications distracting us? Articles: More information: Twitter: @Shakeywaits Email: robgray@asu.edu Credits: JC Brooks & The Uptown Sound…
9 - Off the Learning Curve - Measuring Skill Acquisition
Sep 1, 2015 • 32 min
How do we know how well a new training program or piece of sports equipment is working? Is looking at how performance changes in practice (by plotting a “learning curve”) really the best way to assess skill acquisition. No, no it…
8A - Sports Technology Evils, Police Chase Pressure
Aug 25, 2015 • 12 min
News: Are coaches using too much sports technology to evaluate players? How do police officers handle the pressure of a high speed chase? Articles: More information Twitter: @Shakeywaits Email: robgray@asu.edu Credits: JC…
8- How Do We Become an Expert? Intro to Skill Acquisition
Aug 18, 2015 • 20 min
Legendary UCLA basketball coach John Wooden once said: “The importance of repetition until automaticity cannot be overstated”. Reaching a stage where some skills can be performed “automatically” is thought to be one of the main…
7A – Is Listening to Heavy Metal Music Bad For You?
Aug 11, 2015 • 12 min
News: Is listening to heavy metal music bad for you? Articles: More information Twitter: @Shakeywaits Email: robgray@asu.edu Credits: Insane Ride – Sound of Rock n Roll Jose O Salvador – For Those…
7 – What Should an Athlete Pay Attention To?
Aug 4, 2015 • 27 min
What should an athlete focus their attention on when performing their sport? Should you pay attention to how your body is moving, the crowd, your opponents, what you need to buy at the store after the game, or something else? Is it the same if…
6A – Motion Sickness, Anticipation Neurons
Jul 28, 2015 • 7 min
News: Are brain areas that produce movement involved in anticipating it? How can we reduce motion sickness? Articles: More information Twitter: @Shakeywaits Email: robgray@asu.edu Credits: JC Brooks &…
6 – Embodied Perception in Sport
Jul 21, 2015 • 24 min
Why do great athletes claim that on some nights baseballs look as big as a grapefruit, basketball hoops are like oceans and things move in slow motion? Are they just blowing a lot of hot air or is this really the way they see the world? In this…
5A – Choking in Golf, Return Trips
Jul 14, 2015 • 7 min
News: Can the threat of losing $50K on one putt make a pro golfer choke? Why is “back again” shorter than there? Articles: More information Twitter: @Shakeywaits Email: robgray@asu.edu Credits: JC…
5 –Vision in Hitting and Catching
Jul 7, 2015 • 22 min
How does an athlete get their glove, racquet, hand, or foot to the right place at the right time to hit, catch or strike a moving object? In this episode, I explore visual information that can be used to judge the time to contact and direction of…
4 – Anticipation in Sports
Jun 23, 2015 • 21 min
How do great athletes seem to know what is going to happen next? What information to they use to predict the next serve will be cross court instead of down the line, how does a baseball batter know the next pitch will be a fastball, and how does…
3 – Eye Movements in Sports
Jun 9, 2015 • 22 min
What should an athlete look at when performing their sport? For example, should a soccer goalkeeper keep their eye on the shooter’s leg when trying to stop a penalty kick or on their upper body? Should a golfer look at the ball or…
2 - Vision Training Programs
May 26, 2015 • 18 min
Since the early 1980’s, there have been several vision training programs developed which propose to improve the vision of athletes resulting in an associated improvement in their sports performance. Do these training programs actually work?…
1 - Vision in Sports
May 14, 2015 • 17 min
Sports talk is littered with phrases related to our eyes. We talk of great court vision, a good eye at the plate and seeing the ball well. But just how critical is vision to an athlete?Do professional athletes see better than we…
Podcast Preview
May 11, 2015 • 3 min
A preview of the new Perception & Action Podcast. An exploration of how psychological research can be applied to improving performance, accelerating skill acquisition and designing new technologies in sports, driving and aviation. Hosted by Rob…
Perception & Action Podcast Promo
May 5, 2015 • 0 min
30 sec Promo