The History of the Early Church

The History of the Early Church
The Story of Christianity from 30 to 451 A.D.

44- The Salvation of Humankind
Feb 28 • 29 min
In this “First Three Centuries” series episode we look at early Christian beliefs about salvation, the saving work of Christ and its meaning, in the first three centuries.
Bonus 4- The Supernatural Realm with Dr. Michael Heiser
Jan 30 • 52 min
In part 2 of our interview with Dr. Heiser we discuss the Israelite and Jewish background of early Christian beliefs concerning Angels, Demons, and other denizens of the supernatural realm.
43- God and Christ
Jan 29 • 62 min
We look at the origins and development of the Christian theology of the Trinity and Christology in the first three centuries. In particular how the early Church understood the relationship between God the Father and the Son.
Bonus 3- Origen of Alexandria with Stephen Guerra
Jan 23 • 67 min
In this bonus episode we revisit the subject of Origen of Alexandria with “The History of the Papacy Podcast” host Steve Guerra!
Bonus 2 - The Origins of the Trinity with Dr. Michael Heiser
Jun 7, 2018 • 37 min
In this episode we discuss the roots of the Trinity and Christology in the religion of ancient Canaan, Israel, and Second Temple Judaism with Dr. Michael Heiser. Dr. Heiser is a scholar of ancient Hebrew and Semitic studies. You can check out his content…
42- Scriptures, Canons, and Interpretations
May 27, 2018 • 68 min
In this episode we discuss the Bible in the first three centuries of the early Church, including the text, the canon, and interpretation.
41- To the Ends of the Earth
Jan 23, 2018 • 66 min
In this episode we look back at the expansion and geographical distribution of Christianity in the first three centuries…
40 - The First Three Centuries
Dec 23, 2017 • 6 min
Hi Folks, I need your help. More specifically listener questions. Once we reach the end of the third century, we’re going to take an extended break from the narrative and focus on key topics related to the first three centuries of the early Church. Here’s…
39- Eusebius and his Contemporaries
Nov 29, 2017 • 29 min
We conclude the third century by looking at the father of Church history and the luminaries of his day…
38- The First Monk of the World
Nov 9, 2017 • 30 min
We introduce Christian monasticism into our narrative, by looking at the so-called first monk, Antony of Egypt…
37- East of the Euphrates
Oct 25, 2017 • 35 min
We look at the early Church of the East and its world in the lands of Mesopotamia and Persia…
36- Zenobia’s Bishop
Oct 3, 2017 • 37 min
Despite newfound peace, in the 260s A.D., theological controversies sprang up in the Great Church. First between Rome and Alexandria, and then around the infamous bishop of Antioch, Paul of Samosata. A series of events which would eventually culminate in…
35- The Little Peace of the Church
Sep 18, 2017 • 19 min
In 260 A.D. the Roman Emperor Gallienus recognized Christianity as a lawful religion, ushering in a forty year period of unprecedented peace and prosperity for the Church.
34- The Valerian Persecution
Sep 15, 2016 • 35 min
In 257 A.D., the Roman Emperor Valerian launched the second empire-wide persecution of Christianity…
33- The Baptismal Controversy
Sep 5, 2016 • 40 min
Cyprian of Carthage became engulfed in a controversy with Stephen of Rome, over the validity of heretical baptism, which nearly tore the Christian Church in half…
32- The Upshots of Exile
Aug 11, 2016 • 16 min
In this episode, we cover the events following the Decian Persecution in the eastern Churches
Bonus 1- History of the Papacy Podcast Crossover Interview with Stephen Guerra
Jul 25, 2016 • 79 min
An interview from Stephen Guerra’s History of the Papacy Podcast where we discuss Christian history and related topics [email protected]
31- Rigorists and Laxists
Jul 16, 2016 • 34 min
In the aftermath of the Decian Persecution, two factions emerge over the issue of the lapsed. The laxists favor leniency and reconciliation, while the rigorists consider apostasy the unforgivable sin. The result of this divide are schisms which threaten…
30- The Decian Persecution
Jul 2, 2016 • 25 min
In 250 A.D., the Roman Emperor Decius unleashed the first empire wide persecution of Christianity
29- Dionysius and Cyprian
Mar 2, 2016 • 20 min
We introduce the two principal Christian leaders during the mid-third century, Dionysius of Alexandria and Cyprian of Carthage…
28- Origen’s Legacy
Feb 21, 2016 • 28 min
We conclude our discussion of Origen of Alexandria by first looking at his refutation of the pagan critic Celsus, followed by a discussion of Origen’s highly influential and controversial legacy within Christianity…
27- Origen: The Later Years
Jan 30, 2016 • 19 min
In the later years of his life, Origen would continue in his role as presbyter and professor at Caesarea, while also combating heretics in Arabia, intervening in Church councils, writing to the Roman emperor and empress, and authoring one of the most…
26- Origen at Caesarea
Oct 11, 2015 • 17 min
We continue the story of Origen by looking at his life in his new home of Caesarea Palestine as a both a presbyter and a teacher of a Christian academy. Among his students were famous men such as Firmilian of Cappadocia and Gregory the Wonder Worker…
25- The Antipope
Sep 10, 2015 • 24 min
In the early third century, the Church of Rome was engulfed in factional debates over Christology, which even led to schism. Along the way, important theological questions would be raised, and even more important answers would developed. In particular,…
24- Origen’s Contemporaries
Aug 25, 2015 • 21 min
From Alexander Severus to Alexander of Jerusalem, the time of Origen was a lively one for Christian intellectuals living both within and outside the Roman Empire…
23- Origen: The Early Years
Aug 16, 2015 • 33 min
The son of a martyr, Origen of Alexandria would in time become possibly the most influential Christian thinker and greatest biblical scholar of antiquity…
22- Alexandria
Aug 2, 2015 • 14 min
We begins our look at the Church of Alexandria, one of the most important centers of early Christianity.
21- Perpetua’s Passion
Mar 16, 2015 • 27 min
On March 7, 203 A.D., five young catechumens were martyred in the amphitheater of Carthage. The most prominent of whom was a noblewoman named Vibia Perpetua, who left an intimate account of the days leading up to her martyrdom…
20- Africa Proconsularis
Feb 22, 2015 • 36 min
Tertullian of Carthage lived and wrote in Roman Africa during the reigns of the emperor Septimius Severus (193-211) and his son Caracalla (211-217). He was the first major Christian author to write in Latin and hence is remembered as the father of Latin…
19- We Need a Canon Don’t We?
Jan 24, 2015 • 29 min
Why were certain books accepted and others rejected? How soon were the gospels and epistles regarded as scripture? This episode, we take a break from the narrative to look at the development of the Christian New Testament up to c. 195 A.D.
18- The Greek Speaking West
Jan 8, 2015 • 24 min
Irenaeus of Lyons was the greatest Christian thinker and writer of the second century. He was a peacemaker, wrote against the Gnostics, shepherded the Gallic Churches, but most of all, he bequeathed the diverse Great Church with a common basis for unity.
17- Pagan Reactions
Nov 21, 2014 • 35 min
On top of persecution, the Church now begins to face the first well informed pagan critics of Christianity, Galen and Celsus.
16- Gallic Pogrom
Sep 15, 2014 • 28 min
In the summer of 177 A.D., a horrific and gruesome anti-Christian pogrom broke out in Gaul. By August, forty-eight Christians were brutally martyred with the approval of the emperor Marcus Aurelius himself.
15- New Prophecy
Sep 9, 2014 • 24 min
The Golden Age of Antonine Rome came to an end with wars and plague and more (surprise) pagan persecution of Christians. As a result, the sectarian and apocalyptic fervor of earlier decades reappeared in the Church, and it reappeared with a vengeance in…
14- The Good Samaritan
Jul 20, 2014 • 30 min
Justin Martyr (ca. 100-165 A.D.) was the greatest of the second century Greek-speaking Christian apologists. He defended orthodox Christianity against heretics, Jews, and pagans. A native of Samaria, Justin argued Jesus Christ was the completion of the…
13- More Precious Than Gold
Jul 1, 2014 • 19 min
Polycarp of Smyrna made peace with the Church of Rome over the dating of Easter, only to return home to die a martyr…
12- Firstborn of Satan
Jun 18, 2014 • 19 min
In July of 144 A.D., the Church of Rome excommunicated a heretic named Marcion of Sinope. This man would try to sever the Church completely from its Jewish roots and was also the first Christian to create a list of canonical books which constituted a “New…
11- Secret Knowledge
Jun 1, 2014 • 19 min
This episode, we take a short break from the narrative to explore a group of sects that will vex the Church more than any other previous heresy, Gnosticism!
10- Jews Not for Jesus
May 15, 2014 • 24 min
Back in Judaea, the Jerusalem Church is beset by internal schism, persecution from both Romans and Rabbis, and finally a false Messiah intent on war with Rome. The end result will be catastrophic for Jewish believers.
9- Fathers, Martyrs, and Apologists
May 14, 2014 • 19 min
The disciples of the Apostles continue to lead the Church while struggling against heresy and persecution. The Church is also brought to the direct attention of the Roman Emperors Trajan and Hadrian by provincial governors in Asia Minor. Finally,…
8- Apostolic Succession
Feb 16, 2014 • 30 min
We finally wind down the first century with the last days of the Apostle John. The next generation of Christians must take up the challenge of confronting heresy, schism, and persecution after the Apostles are all gone.
7- End of a World
Feb 1, 2014 • 20 min
After Rome is devastated by a great fire, Emperor Nero decides to use the Church as a scapegoat. Meanwhile, the Judeans finally revolt against their imperial masters. Both the persecution and the Jewish war will have a profound impact on the Church and…
6- The Other Apostles
Jan 22, 2014 • 18 min
We know about Paul, but what about the other Apostles? Peter’s in Rome, James is in Jerusalem, Thomas and Thaddaeus are off to the east, and Andrew is… where exactly?
5- Go West Young Man
Dec 26, 2013 • 20 min
Paul was off again on his third missionary journey. After he returned to Jerusalem, events would be set in motion that would eventually culminate in him coming to Rome itself.
4- Cut it Off!
Nov 24, 2013 • 29 min
Paul is off on his first missionary journey, only to return and find false brethren preaching a different Gospel…
3- Calling the Nations
Oct 19, 2013 • 21 min
The newly converted Apostle Paul is received by Peter and James in Jerusalem. Meanwhile, the Church is spreading all over the Levant to Jews and even Gentiles…
2- Pentecost to Paul
Oct 1, 2013 • 14 min
The Church is born and begins evangelizing the people of Israel despite persecution. In the midst of the this the Church gains an Apostle in the most unlikely of persons…
1- Introduction
Sep 27, 2013 • 5 min
Overview of the scope and content of the podcast