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Improving Wildlife Surveys Through Environmental DNA - Dr Katy Klymus
May 29 • 9 min
To understand how human activities impact wildlife, biologists need to know which species are present within a given area. Traditional methods of surveying species are often labour intensive, time consuming, and expensive. However, recent advancements in…
Clearing the Haze: Understanding the Process of Scarring Following Corneal Injury - Professor Steven E. Wilson
May 22 • 16 min
Any injury such as trauma, surgery or infection to the cornea in the eye may result in persistent scarring (clinically referred to as fibrosis) due to the wound healing response. Professor Steven E. Wilson at the Cole Eye Institute of the Cleveland Clinic…
The MIT Superfund Research Program Studies on Cleaning Up Genes and the Environment - Dr Jennifer Kay Professor Bevin Page Engelward
May 15 • 15 min
In the United States, there are thousands of industrial sites contaminated by the irresponsible disposal of chemical waste. The higher than expected frequency of cancer cases near these sites has caused alarm, since many of the chemical contaminants found…
Computing Conflict-free Treatments for Multiple Chronic Illnesses - Dr Juliana Bowles, University of St Andrews
May 1 • 13 min
Modern treatments for patients with more than one chronic condition can be highly precarious, and in many cases, simultaneous treatments for different illnesses can be detrimental to each other and ultimately, the patient. Dr Juliana Bowles at the…
The Blood-Brain Barrier: More than Just a Barrier - Dr Shikha Nangia, Syracuse University
May 1 • 11 min
Neurodegenerative disorders present a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Treatments are typically expensive, non-efficient, and invasive. Although scientists are committed to finding better treatment strategies, the challenge of penetrating…
Does ‘Safer Storage’ Reduce Agricultural Pesticide Self-poisoning in Rural Asia? Professor Flemming Konradsen & Professor Michael Eddleston
Apr 17 • 11 min
Attempting suicide by ingesting pesticides is a major public health problem in rural Asia. In Sri Lanka, pesticide self-poisoning is the most common method used in suicide attempts in many rural areas. Globally, it accounts for as many as one in every…
Simulating Supersonic Fluid Flows in the Student Aerodynamics Lab - Dr Oleg Goushcha, Manhattan College
Apr 9 • 8 min
When learning about fluid dynamics, physics and engineering students can benefit greatly from hands-on experiments that allow them to visualise the equations they learn in lectures. For supersonic flows, however, the equipment required is incredibly…
Building the STEM Students We Need - University of San Diego
Apr 3 • 14 min
Despite recent efforts to promote diversity in STEM education and professional environments, some ethnic groups remain highly underrepresented in STEM fields, including the Hispanic/LatinX community. To tackle this underrepresentation, researchers at the…
TunnelBerries: Enhancing The Sustainability Of Berry Production
Apr 3 • 14 min
In certain areas of the US, local berry growers face difficulties in meeting the growing customer demand for high-quality berries, while also managing pests in sustainable ways. Aware of these challenges, researchers from different universities, including…
Innovations in Functional Brain Imaging to Improve Neurosurgery - Dr Jun Hua, Johns Hopkins University
Mar 20 • 13 min
Dr Jun Hua, Associate Professor at the F. M. Kirby Research Center for Functional Brain Imaging at the Kennedy Krieger Institute and Johns Hopkins University, USA, leads a team focused on developing novel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technologies for…
How Memories Are Made And Lost In The Brain - Professor Don Kulasiri, Lincoln University
Mar 13 • 14 min
Our brain forms long-term memories and stores information through synaptic plasticity, the ability of the connections between neurons to be strengthened or weakened over time. However, the exact methods through which synaptic plasticity is achieved by the…
Profiting from Disinformation: The Case of Genetically Modified Organisms
Mar 13 • 9 min
As people are now spending a substantial amount of time online, traditional businesses and other vendors try to attract new customers by gaining traction on social media platforms, capturing the attention of users in a variety of ways. This is often…
Targeting the Brain in Type 2 Diabetes: Therapeutics to Induce Remission - Dr Jarrad Scarlett, University of Washington
Mar 6 • 11 min
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is among the most impactful and costly biomedical challenges confronting society. Current treatment regimens for T2D rely upon daily drug dosing and frequent glucose monitoring to normalise blood glucose levels. However, these…
Identifying Ways to Make the BEST Program Even Better - Professor Stephanie Wengert Watts, Michigan State University
Mar 6 • 8 min
Broadening Experiences in Scientific Training – or ‘BEST’ – is a program that aims to help biomedical students to explore and pursue expanded career options beyond traditional academic positions. While the program has been in place for a few years, the…
From Machine Learning To Machine Understanding - Dr Yan M Yufik
Feb 28 • 16 min
Despite dramatic advances in neuroscience and biology in the 20th and 21st centuries, our understanding of the brain remains very limited. Dr Yan M Yufik, Head at Virtual Structures Research Inc, USA, is a physicist and cognitive scientist who has spent…
ADBCAP A Human Approach To Improving Biosecurity
Feb 14 • 31 min
Foreign animal disease outbreaks in livestock systems have far-reaching economic, trade and food security implications. Biosecurity strategies can enhance the resilience of livestock production; however, understanding the behaviors of people involved in…
Improving Mentoring Relationships in Science: Mentors Need Mentors - Dr Christine Pfund
Feb 14 • 12 min
Dr Christine Pfund is a researcher at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. With a strong network of colleagues and collaborators, her work focuses on developing, implementing, documenting, and studying interventions to optimise research mentoring…
Artificial Intelligence Predicts The Worsening Of Chronic Kidney Disease - Professor Eiichiro Kanda, Kawasaki Medical School
Feb 6 • 8 min
Our kidneys are primarily responsible for filtering waste out of the body and into urine. However, with aging, kidney dysfunction begins to develop. Although no symptoms appear for years, this dysfunction can eventually progress to severe kidney failure.…
A Deep Learning Model to Predict Student Dropout
Jan 30 • 8 min
Identifying students who are at risk of withdrawing from higher education is of key importance, as it allows educators to devise and implement intervention strategies that could support students in completing their studies. With this in mind, Dr Naif Radi…
The Benefits of an Organic Diet on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Children - Dr Konstantinos Makris, Cyprus University of Technology
Jan 24 • 8 min
Lifestyle factors and behavioural changes, such as diet modifications, are gaining interest as methods to modify or even prevent the global progression of chronic diseases, such as heart conditions and type 2 diabetes. Dr Konstantinos Makris…
Flood Prediction Using Remote Sensing Technology - Dr Guy J - P Schumann
Jan 16 • 11 min
Floods devastate communities across the globe. A single flood disaster can cause the loss of thousands of lives, and the displacement of millions of people. The devastating effect is exacerbated by the difficulty in monitoring floods and evaluating the…
Creating A Circular Economy For Sustainable Metal Manufacturing - Andrew LaTour
Jan 10 • 11 min
Facilities for recycling metal parts at the locations they are required would be a major milestone in the global struggle towards sustainable industry. Yet for all its advantages, the innovations required to realise such a goal are a daunting prospect.…
Are Amyloid Peptides Potential Therapeutics for Sepsis?
Dec 19, 2019 • 9 min
Amyloids are aggregates of polymerised proteins. The polymerised proteins do not fold as they should and adopt shapes that enable multiple copies to stick together. In humans, these clusters of proteins form fibrils and the presence of these amyloid…
Simphotek: Shedding Light on New Cancer Treatments, Dr Mary Potasek
Dec 13, 2019 • 15 min
The use of radiation therapy to treat cancer has improved the long-term outcome of thousands of patients but is associated with serious side effects. Photodynamic therapy (PDT), a targeted light-based technique, has been approved as an effective treatment…
Illuminating Insect Chemical Ecology for Effective Pest Control - Dr Robert K. Vander Meer, USDA
Dec 13, 2019 • 15 min
Because of growing international trade, increasing numbers of invasive pest insects are being transported throughout the world. If they become established, invasive insects can have enormous impacts on agriculture, human health and natural ecosystems.…
Progeny Developing Safeguards Against GPS Outages-Progeny Systems Corporation Charleroi
Dec 6, 2019 • 12 min
Global Navigation Satellite Systems such as GPS are the backbone of many global communications, but they are not immune to failure. Progeny Systems Corporation is dedicated to mitigating such disasters if and when satellite-based communications fail, by…
Understanding Cancer Development in Humans and Their Companion Animals - Dr Jaime Modiano, University of Minnesota
Dec 6, 2019 • 11 min
Dogs are renowned for their status as man’s best friend. Based first at the University of Colorado and now at the University of Minnesota in the Twin Cities, Dr Jaime Modiano and his team have spent the last 25 years trying to understand how cancer…
Driving Forward Training and Research in Psychiatry - Dr Susan Voglmaier, University of California
Nov 29, 2019 • 13 min
In recent years, dramatic advances have been made in brain science and molecular genetics. However, there is currently a shortage of psychiatrists with the scientific training necessary to take this knowledge and apply it in the clinic. Psychiatrist and…
Towards a Brighter Future: How Zietchick Research Institute Plans to Transform Treatment for Retinal Disease - Dr Tammy Movsas
Nov 29, 2019 • 12 min
Both diabetic adults and premature babies are at risk for a similar type of eye disease that involves the growth of abnormal, blood vessels in the retina, the photosensitive layer of the eye. When this eye disease occurs in diabetics, it is called…
Going with the Flow: New methods for Treating Cardiovascular Disease - Dr York Hsiang, University of British Columbia Vancouver
Nov 22, 2019 • 11 min
When an artery becomes blocked or damaged, a mechanical scaffold called a stent is often implanted into the vessel to improve blood flow. However, metallic stents can cause re-narrowing at the sites where they are implanted. This process is known as…
CART: Pointing the Way to Reliable Robotic Assistants- Dr Paul Robertson, Dynamic Object Language Labs Inc Lexington
Nov 22, 2019 • 12 min
Robots that assist us with both everyday and highly specialised tasks are no new concept, but so far, their actual development has appeared to be far from becoming a reality. Yet through the research of Dr Paul Robertson, Chief Scientist at Dynamic Object…
Kappa Opioid Receptors, A New Treatment Target for Schizophrenia, Dr Samuel Clark - Terran Biosciences Inc and Stony Brook University
Nov 14, 2019 • 12 min
Schizophrenia is a serious psychiatric disorder that affects around 1% of the global population, producing debilitating symptoms that significantly impact upon the quality of life of sufferers. Even with treatment, prognosis is often poor with a high risk…
Soluble Dietary Fibre and Type 2 Diabetes – Mechanisms of Action and Food Supplementation, Professor Douglas Goff, University of Guelph, Ontario
Nov 14, 2019 • 15 min
There are numerous health benefits related to eating fibre-containing foods, including lowering the levels of serum glucose and lipids, thus reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Furthermore, by creating an increased feeling of fullness,…
Understanding Brain Function, Cognition, and Emotion in Psychopathology- Professor Christine Larson, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Nov 8, 2019 • 12 min
Mental health conditions such as anxiety disorders significantly impact on the quality of life of sufferers, their physical health and psycho-social functioning. Given the high prevalence and extent of impairment inflicted on affected individuals, the…
Predicting Mortality In Kidney Disease A New Nutritional Risk Index - Professor Eiichiro Kanda
Nov 8, 2019 • 8 min
According to the World Health Organisation, between 5 and 10 million people die globally of kidney disease each year. There has been an important shift towards recognising chronic kidney disease (CKD) as a major public health problem that requires early…
Monitoring Corrosion in Aquifer Thermal Storage Systems - Dr Oliver Opel, University of Applied Sciences Heide Germany
Oct 18, 2019 • 9 min
Corrosion and scaling processes in water heating and cooling systems can create the need for hugely costly repairs. Until now, however, techniques to monitor the extent of the damage they inflict have been severely limited. In a 2013 study, Dr Oliver Opel…
Plugging Into The Nervous System - Professor Dominique Durand, Case Western Reserve University
Oct 18, 2019 • 11 min
New advances in neural engineering have led to devices that can be operated using the nerves of the user, but the effectiveness and safety of these devices over long periods of use is a key concern. Professor Dominique Durand, Director of the Neural…
Overdiagnosis And Overtreatment Of Human Cancers - Professor Wendy Rogers, Macquarie University
Oct 11, 2019 • 10 min
As we develop ever more complex medical diagnostic tools and tests with ever increasing sensitivity, detection of disease becomes quicker and easier. However, recent work by Professor Wendy Rogers at Macquarie University in Australia and her team of…
Unravelling The Mysteries Of Quantum Cosmology - Dr Peter Evans, University Of Queensland
Oct 11, 2019 • 12 min
Despite many years of research aiming to unite quantum mechanics with cosmological theories, researchers in fields across physics and philosophy remain in disagreement about a solution. Now, Dr Peter Evans at the University of Queensland sheds new light…
From Vision to Change: Transforming How Life Science is Taught
Oct 4, 2019 • 11 min
Science education is critical to prepare students for the world and jobs of the future, yet many institutions in the United States are using outdated educational models to teach science. The PULSE working group is a team of educators and administrators…
Biological Control In The Light Of Contemporary Evolution-Dr Peter McEvoy
Oct 4, 2019 • 13 min
‘Biological control’ refers to the practice of controlling invasive pest populations by introducing their natural enemies into an ecosystem. Although biological control can reduce reliance on toxic chemicals and protect natural ecosystems, this approach…
Understanding Wildfire Effects to Inform Better Forest Management – Dr Bianca Eskelson, University of British Columbia
Sep 27, 2019 • 13 min
Forest wildfires are increasing in frequency and severity across the globe, and this trend is expected to continue as climate change worsens. However, measuring the impacts of wildfire on forest ecosystems is extremely difficult. Dr Bianca Eskelson from…
Immune Control of Initiation and Progression of Atherosclerosis - Dr Elena V Galkina, Eastern Virginia Medical School
Sep 27, 2019 • 14 min
Atherosclerosis is a global health issue. Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial chronic inflammatory disease characterised by the accumulation of modified lipoproteins and immune cells in the aortic wall, vascular dysfunction, low-grade chronic…
Dr Korbinian Moeller – The Brain, the Body and Mathematics
Sep 19, 2019 • 12 min
Dr Korbinian Moeller and a team of researchers at the Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien are endeavouring to identify the cognitive and neuronal processes underpinning an individual’s mathematical ability, by exploring the concept of embodied numerical…
Jianguo Wang - Ion-Barrier Coatings: The Next Generation of Anticorrosion Technology
Sep 19, 2019 • 12 min
Corrosion, the gradual destruction of metals, is a significant physical and economic problem worldwide. Traditional heavy metal-based coatings used to protect metals are now viewed negatively due to their impact on the environment. Research led by Jianguo…
Tomography: An Innovative Technique for Assessing Forest Carbon Storage
Sep 13, 2019 • 15 min
Researchers from the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station and the University of Massachusetts have pioneered the use of tomography for assessing carbon storage in trees. While assessing this technique’s capabilities, they found that tree damage…
Dr Elizabeth Nance – The Role of Nanoparticles in Neuroscience
Sep 13, 2019 • 12 min
Dr Elizabeth Nance has an impressive track record. Now a Clare Boothe Luce Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Washington, USA, Dr Nance’s work centres around the use of nanoparticles to deliver therapeutic agents to the…
A Holistic Approach to Improving Dairy Farming - Dr Amber Adams-Progar, Washington State University
Aug 23, 2019 • 11 min
Dairy farming is a tough business, where farmers experience countless challenges on a regular basis, from ensuring the health and welfare of their cattle to protecting the safety of their employees. Dr Amber Adams-Progar and her team in the Department of…
Lifting Brain Fog - Professor Etienne Sibille and Professor James Cook
Aug 23, 2019 • 13 min
Effective treatments for cognitive dysfunction, such as declines in memory and other mental faculties often associated with depression or old age, may be within reach, according to Professor Etienne Sibille at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health…
Understanding Lassa virus - Dr Matthew Boisen, Zalgen Labs
Aug 16, 2019 • 13 min
For many years, Dr Matthew Boisen, Director of Diagnostics Development at Zalgen Labs, has focussed on trying to understand Lassa fever. Part of the Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Consortium, his group’s objectives are threefold: first, to develop fast and…
Understanding Fear in Animals - Professor Jeansok Kim, University of Washington
Aug 16, 2019 • 12 min
Research into animal fear typically utilises laboratory techniques based on Pavlovian fear conditioning, but these approaches are limited. Professor Jeansok Kim, from the Department of Psychology, University of Washington (USA) has developed a much more…
Unravelling the Mysteries of Working Memory - Mark D’Esposito, MD, University of California, Berkeley
Aug 9, 2019 • 13 min
To accomplish even a simple goal, our brain must coordinate thousands of pieces of information, remember which parts are relevant, and ignore anything that is extraneous. Professor Mark D’Esposito of the University of California, Berkeley, studies how…
Leveraging New Technologies to Treat Brain Injury - Mark D’Esposito, MD, University of California, Berkeley
Aug 9, 2019 • 12 min
The brain is the most mysterious organ in the human body – despite decades of research, we have just begun to scratch the surface in understanding how the brain works and how we can help it to heal following an injury. Professor Mark D’Esposito of the…
Improving Milk Quality from the Farm to the Table - Professor Ronald Erskine, Michigan State University
Jul 19, 2019 • 13 min
The US dairy industry has undergone major restructuring over the past couple of decades, with growing herd sizes and an increased reliance on labour from outside the family. These changes have brought about new challenges to prevent infectious diseases…
Protecting the Brain - Dr Mary Logan Dr Sean Speese, Oregon Health and Science University
Jul 19, 2019 • 13 min
Our nervous system has such an important function in our body that neurons have their own bodyguards. Known as glial cells, they protect brain cells against injury and prevent damage. Dr Mary Logan and Dr Sean Speese, both based at the Jungers Center for…
An Education in Sustainability Achieving a Climate-Neutral University – Dr Oliver Opel, West-Coast University of Applied Sciences
Jul 12, 2019 • 10 min
Dr Oliver Opel of the West-Coast University of Applied Sciences in Germany reports on how Leuphana University was transformed into a climate-neutral and environmentally sustainable campus. In the face of accelerating climate change, this exemplary case…
Unsustainable global consumer demands drive primate extinction – Dr Alejandro Estrada and Dr Paul A Garber
Jul 12, 2019 • 11 min
Global market demands for forest-risk commodities such as soy, palm oil, beef, rubber, metals, minerals, gemstones and fossil fuels from Central and South America, Africa and Asia have increased significantly over the past 20 years, representing over four…
Combatting Corrosion in Heating and Cooling Systems - Dr Oliver Opel, West-Coast University of Applied Sciences
Jul 4, 2019 • 9 min
Water heating and cooling systems have become incredibly efficient in recent years, but unfortunately, their pipes and components provide ideal environments for corrosion. Dr Oliver Opel at the West Coast University of Applied Sciences in Germany explores…
Tailoring Cannabis to Create Medicine for the Masses - Dr Andrea E. Holmes, Precision Plant Molecules
Jun 28, 2019 • 11 min
Cannabis is a plant that remains largely stigmatised, along with people who consume or condone it. However, Dr Andrea Holmes and her colleagues at Precision Plant Molecules are revealing the numerous hidden benefits of cannabis, when processed with…
Traditional Equilibrium Models Lead to Inaccurate Predictions - Dr Yousef Haseli, Central Michigan University
Jun 28, 2019 • 8 min
Equilibrium is the cornerstone of industrial chemical processes, especially when optimising chemical production. But what if the equilibrium models that engineers use to predict product yields under different conditions were fundamentally inaccurate? Dr…
A New Model for Developing Students’ Deep-Learning Skills – Dr Yianna Vovides, Georgetown University
Jun 21, 2019 • 9 min
Online education has recently experienced a surge in popularity, and this trend is set to continue. Through online learning, individuals who are unable to take courses on campus, due to family, work or financial pressures, now have the opportunity to…
Harnessing Genetics for Sustainable Fruit Production – Dr Vladimir Orbovic, University of Florida
Jun 21, 2019 • 10 min
People are becoming increasingly aware about the health benefits of eating a diet that’s rich in fruit and nuts. However, farmers are struggling to meet the increasing demand, due to crop damage caused by climate change and emerging plant diseases. As a…
Astym Therapy – A Novel Treatment for Painful Scar Tissue
Jun 21, 2019 • 8 min
Scar tissue formed after surgery or injury often ends up being painful and limiting movement for patients. Although there are a number of possible treatments, these options are expensive and often have only limited success. According to Drs. Michael Mont,…