Greek for the Week

Greek for the Week
Greek for the Week with Rev. Chris Palmer teaches you God’s Word through the original language of the New Testament: Greek! In each podcast, Chris will analyze a verse in Greek and will pull out exciting meanings filled with practical insight for daily living. Your understanding of Scripture will grow and your heart will be filled with encouragement. If you’ve ever read a Scripture and wondered: ‘what’s that mean?’ than you’ll love Greek for the Week! Support this podcast:

Righteous Living = Persecution (Matthew 5:10)
Apr 1 • 21 min
In Matthew 5:10 it says Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness sake. The word “righteousness” here is dikaiosynes. Here it means a whole life that is oriented toward God. It is set against the establishment of the systems of this world.…
The Beatitudes part 3 - Those Who Mourn (Matthew 5:4)
Feb 19 • 16 min
In Matthew 5:4, Jesus says, “blessed” (well off) are those who mourn. The Greek word for “mourn” here is “penthountes” which means passionate grief that leads to action. It entails weeping over sin, being saddened by the loss of our own innocence, and…
The Beatitudes part 2 - Poor In Spirit (Matthew 5:3)
Feb 13 • 17 min
Being “poor in spirit,” as in Matthew 5:3, means feeling our need for God and reaching out to himwith the total trust that he alone can supply what we lack. This term “poor in spirit” (ptochoi to pneumati) comes from Ps. 33:19 in the Greek Old Testament.…
The Beatitudes part 1 (Matthew 5:3-11)
Feb 10 • 25 min
In Matthew 5:3-11, we find the Beatitudes. The beatitudes display the attitude of a true disciple of Jesus, one who has chosen the way of the Kingdom over the way of the world. A disciple who practices this will be “makarioi.” This is often translated…
Watch Out for Hazards! (Philippians 3:2)
Jan 8 • 13 min
As believers, we should endeavor to partner with the Holy Spirit so that he can point out potential hazards along the way. This is so essential to our victory as Christians that God commands us to do this in a very strong way. In Philippians 3:2, the…
Pray For Those Beyond Your Closest Few (Romans 1:9-10)
Dec 31, 2019 • 14 min
When you pray, are you interceding on the behalf of just your closest and favorite people or are you fervently praying for others outside of your social sphere as God leads? In Romans 1:9-10 Paul said that he prayed for the Roman Christians “without…
Get Started in Greek With These Three Textbooks
Dec 26, 2019 • 12 min
Is Greek something you want to begin studying in 2020? One of these three texts books can help you. Chris gives his favorite three textbooks to start learning the language of the New Testament. —- Support this podcast:
Pray Accurately with the Holy Spirit (Romans 8:26)
Nov 13, 2019 • 10 min
Do you want to pray accurately? Let the Holy Spirit help you! In Romans 8:26, we are told that the Spirit “intercedes” for us. The Greek word for intercedes is “hyperentynchanei.” It means “to hit a target really well.” It was used to describe lightning…
Don’t Complain About God’s Moral Standards (Jude 16)
Nov 6, 2019 • 12 min
In Jude 16, God’s Word calls those who complain against his moral Law “malcontnets.” Here the Greek word is mempsimoiroi. This word actually describes a character that appeared in Greek comedies, known as “the Grumbler” or “the Complainer.” —- Support…
Welcome Christians with Different Opinions (Romans 15:7)
Oct 30, 2019 • 12 min
What do you do when other Christians in your same fellowship have different convictions about certain things that aren’t forbidden or condoned in Scripture, such as dietary issues and traditions? Romans 15:7 tells us that we should “welcome” one another…
Are You Ready to Set Sail Into Eternity? (2 Timothy 4:6)
Oct 23, 2019 • 7 min
In 2 Timothy 4:6, God’s Word calls death a “departure.” This is the Greek word “analyseos.” It once meant “to untie,” and “to loose.” It was used to describe loosing a ship from its moorings so it could set sail. When we live our lives for eternity, death…
You Can Love God Despite Your Doubts (Luke 1:3-4)
Oct 16, 2019 • 11 min
God’s Word encourages us that we can still love the Lord even in spite of our uncertainties. We see this in Luke 1:3-4. Luke writes his Gospel to Theophilus, telling him the purpose of sharing the account of Jesus was so that he would have more certainty…
God’s Grace Can’t Be Totally Searched Out (Ephesians 3:8)
Oct 9, 2019 • 9 min
Ephesians 3:8 says that the riches of God’s grace are “unsearchable.” The Greek word for “unsearchable” is “anexichniastion.” This comes from a word that meant “a trail of footprints.” The idea is one of exploration, like tracking something out or going…
Don’t Follow Anxious Thoughts (Philippians 4:6)
Oct 7, 2019 • 11 min
In Philippians 4:6, it tells us, “do not be anxious about anything.” Here, the church in Philippi was experiencing all kinds of problems and it was making them anxious. The greek for for anxious is “merimnate.” It means to be distracted, mentally, by…
The Gifts of the Spirit Bring Jesus Attention (1 Corinthians 12:7)
Sep 25, 2019 • 15 min
The gifts of the Spirit reveal the Spirit of God is present. This is emphasized by the Greek word, phanerosism which was used in ancient Greece to mean “publicity.” When the gifts of the Spirit are at work, they shine a bright light on the Holy Spirit and…
The Church in Laodicea (Revelation 3:14-22)
Sep 18, 2019 • 13 min
In Revelation 3:15–16, Jesus indicts the Laodicean church for being “lukewarm” (chliaros). The best way to describe “lukewarm” is to describe what it doesn’t mean: cold or hot. “Cold” (psychros) often refers to “freezing” and “hot” (zestos) often refers…
The Church in Philadelphia (Revelation 3:7-13)
Sep 11, 2019 • 15 min
Philadelphia was located in the Lydian valley where earthquakes were abundant. It wasn’t unusual for people in Philadelphia to cower in fear and to bolt from the city into open spaces when they felt shaking. Despite their trials and circumstances, God…
The Church in Sardis (Revelation 3:1-6)
Sep 4, 2019 • 12 min
Jesus tells the church in Sardis to, “Wake up!” (ginou grēgorōn) in Revelation 3:2. The word “wake up” (gregoreo) means “to be watchful; to be in constant readiness; to be on alert.” The Sardians needed to stop being apathetic like the Sardian King,…
The Church in Thyatira (Revelation 2:18-29)
Aug 28, 2019 • 18 min
The believers in Thyatira were faced with a choice: if they didn’t participate in pagan feasts risked losing their place in their guilds; if they did participate, they would let God down. To instruct the Thyatirans about this, Jesus described His feet. He…
The Church in Pergamum (Revelation 2:12-17)
Aug 21, 2019 • 13 min
Pergamum was the center for Caesar-worship and a place where world-views met. Because of this, Christians didn’t have an easy time in Pergamum. Jesus reassures the believers by saying his words are a “sharp two-edged sword.” The Greek word for “sword” is…
The Church in Smyrna (Revelation 2:8-11)
Aug 14, 2019 • 12 min
The name Smyrna (also Smyrna in Greek) means “bitter” because myrrh was the city’s chief export. It also served as a prophetic label for the Christians. Times had become harsh. While the rest of the Smyrnaeans were enjoying the sweet life in Smyrna, the…
The Church in Ephesus (Revelation 2:1-7)
Aug 7, 2019 • 18 min
The Ephesian church was a mighty church. Here Christianity experienced some of its first great victories. The Greek word for toil, kopos, tells us the church labored intensely, the Greek word for patient endurance hypomone tells us the church withstood…
Choose to Rejoice (Philippians 4:4)
Jul 31, 2019 • 16 min
Rejoicing is a choice. We see this in Philippians 4:4. Paul was writing to the Philippians from prison and he tells the Philippians, “Rejoice in the Lord always; again I will say, rejoice.” The Greek word “say,” ero, is in the future tense. The future…
Jesus Is Deeply Moved (Mark 1:41)
Jul 24, 2019 • 17 min
In Mark 1:41, a leper approaches Jesus and asks Jesus to heal him. Before Jesus does, Mark tells us that Jesus was “moved with pity.” This is the Greek word, splanchnizomai. It refers to the guts of a living thing: the intestines, stomach, heart, liver,…
The Number “7” in the Book of Revelation
Jul 19, 2019 • 36 min
The book of Revelation followed the in tradition of Apocalyptic Jewish literature, which summarized key points of theology using numerology. Listen as Chris takes you through some of the key “7’s” which give us depth and insight into the meaning of the…
Wrestling In Prayer (Colossians 4:12)
Jul 17, 2019 • 16 min
Paul often heard Ephapras praying for the Colossians and told them he is “always struggling on your behalf in his prayers.” The Greek word “struggling” (agonizomenos) means to fight/wrestle heroically in battle. It means to give all in battle, often on…
Don’t Be a Coward (Revelation 21:8)
Jul 10, 2019 • 14 min
In Revelation 21:8 we find a list of qualities that bring eternal separation from God. At the top of the list is “the cowardly.” The Greek word for “cowardly”, deilois, describes those who run away from Christ when their personal comfort is put at risk.…
Which Bible Translation Should I Use?
Jul 9, 2019 • 13 min
Today, there are so many English translations to choose from? Which one is the best? How are they different? And why are they different? Order Letters from Jesus book here: —-…
God Is Shielding You (Colossians 3:3)
Jul 3, 2019 • 17 min
Paul tells the Colossian church that we are “hidden with Christ in God.” The Greek word for “hidden” is kekryptai. It means “to conceal for the sake of protecting something” or “to put something in a safe place.” Order Letters From Jesus book here!:…
Keep the Devil Out (Ephesians 4:27)
Jun 26, 2019 • 10 min
The devil is your enemy so you don’t want him in your neighborhood. That’s, at least, what Ephesians 4:27 is telling us. Paul tells the Ephesian church, “give no opportunity to the devil.” The Greek word for opportunity, topos, is a geographical term that…
Keep Following the Spirit (Galatians 5:16)
Jun 19, 2019 • 14 min
The key to successful Christian living is living by the power of the Holy Spirit. Galatians 5:16 calls this “walking by the Spirit.” Here we find the word “walk” (peripateite) in the present tense and imperative mood. This suggests that walking in the…
Encourage Your Fallen Comrades (1 Thessalonians 5:14)
Jun 12, 2019 • 20 min
Do you know anyone who is suffering because they don’t feel adequate? God’s Word tells us in 1 Thessalonians 5:14 that we should encourage these people because they are “fainthearted.” The Greek word for “fainthearted,” oligopsychous, comes from two Greek…
The Spirit of Jesus (Acts 16:7)
Jun 5, 2019 • 14 min
It’s important for us to remember that, though we can’t see him, Jesus continues to direct and guide our lives. He takes an active and personal role in leading us into the next step of his will for us. We find this in Acts 16:7. Here to pneuma iesou is…
Is Your Speech Pure? (Ephesians 4:29)
May 29, 2019 • 11 min
The words that come out of our mouths either spread life or they cause death. In light of this, Ephesians 4:29 tells us not to let “corrupting” talk come from out mouths. The Greek word for “corrupting” is “sapros.” It means rotten and that which is in…
Religious Deception (Revelation 17:6)
May 22, 2019 • 14 min
God’s Word tells us that there will be religious deception in the last days. This is seriously shown in Revelation 17:6. John, seeing the Great Whore (a symbol of religious deception), says, “I marveled greatly.” The Greek says, “thaumazo…thauma mega.”…
Be a Breath of Fresh Air (2 Timothy 1:16)
May 15, 2019 • 14 min
When we are full of the Holy Spirit, we will be a refreshment to those we spend time with. We see this in 2 Timothy 1:16. Paul said that Oneisiphorus “refreshed” him. The Greek word for refresh, “anaphysco,” means to cool off with fresh air and implies…
A Campaign Against Your Soul (1 Peter 2:11)
May 8, 2019 • 13 min
In 1 Peter 2:11, we discover that the enemy has organized an offensive, military strike to destroy our relationship with God. This is found in the Greek word “strauteuontai”, which is being used in the present, continuous tense. —- Support this podcast:…
The Holy Spirit Energizes Prayer (James 5:16b)
May 1, 2019 • 12 min
We often feel the frustration of unanswered prayer. Yet, James 5:16 tells us how to get an answer from God. This is found in the passive participle, energoumene, translated “as it is working.” —- Support this podcast:
Jesus, the Holy One of God (Mark 1:24)
Apr 24, 2019 • 13 min
The Gospel of Mark tells us who Jesus is. Surprisignly, right from the get go, a demon correctly asserts that Jesus is “the Holy One of God” or ho hagios tou theou in Mark 1:24. This statement would have shocked the religious leaders and brought…
Jesus Hates Death (John 11:38)
Apr 17, 2019 • 13 min
Jesus is angry at death, so much so that he launched a war on it and defeated it on the cross. We see this in John 11:38, particularly in the words “deeply moved” or embrimaomai in the Greek. —- Support this podcast:
Christianity Is Here to Stay (Acts 5:38-39)
Apr 10, 2019 • 13 min
Over the years, people like Voltaire have said that Christianity will eventually fade out. But nuances in the Greek in Acts 5:38-39 tell us differently. The use of a 3rd class condition (ean) and a first class condition (ei) tell us that Luke prophesied…
God Wants No Rival (James 4:4)
Apr 3, 2019 • 14 min
Either we bond with the pop culture or we bond with God’s ways, but it can’t be both. This is found in the word play of James 4:4, especially the Greek word philia. —- Support this podcast:
Satan Is Defeated (Revelation 12:9)
Mar 27, 2019 • 15 min
Satan is a defeated enemy and God’s Word emphasizes this to us in an interesting way. In Revelation 12:9, John puts the word “cast down” (eblethe) before and after the various titles of Satan. This inclusio sandwiches the names of Satan between total…
Punishment Fit For the Crime (Revelation 11:18)
Mar 20, 2019 • 14 min
God’s wrath isn’t irrational and out of control. Rather, it is a response toward those who refuse to discontinue their rebellion toward him and his ways. We see this from Revelation 11:18, where John uses a play on the Greek word for rage, ‘orgizo,” to…
In the Spirit, Anywhere (Revelation 1:9-10)
Mar 13, 2019 • 16 min
You can be “in the Spirit” even while you are going through the most difficult circumstances of life. God’s Word emphasizes this to us in Revelation 1:9-10 using two identical Greek constructions placed next to each other: “egenomen en” meaning “was in,”…
God Defends Life (1 Corinthians 15:8)
Mar 6, 2019 • 17 min
We’re living in a time where abortion is an acceptable part of many cultures. But it’s never been part of God’s culture. God doesn’t throw away life; he gives life. We see this in 1 Corinthians 15:8 from the use of the Greek word ektromati, which means…
Your Heart Needs a Checkup (Hebrews 3:12)
Feb 27, 2019 • 15 min
Hebrews 3:12 says “Take care.” This is the Greek word “blepete” and suggests that our heart needs a constant check up to maintain faith in God’s Word. —- Support this podcast:
Grace Is Your Assistant (1 Corinthians 15:10)
Feb 20, 2019 • 16 min
In 1 Corinthians 15:10, Paul says it is God’s grace is “with” him. The Greek preposition for “with” is syn. Syn vividly indicates “accompaniment with.” Paul saw God’s grace as a traveling companion and ministerial partner, “with him,” and assisting him to…
Love Pushes the Limits (1 Peter 4:8)
Feb 13, 2019 • 14 min
The Greek word “ektene” was a word that described an athlete’s muscle being stretchered to the limit during a strenuous exercise. 1 Peter 4:8 tells us that it takes this kind of effort to love the unlovable and love despite insult and injury. —- Support…
Do You Pray Intelligently? (1 Peter 4:7)
Feb 6, 2019 • 20 min
Prayer based on maturity and sound analysis has a far greater impact than prayer that is flaky, uninformed, and based in overreaction and irrationality. We see this in 1 Peter 4:7 from the use of two important Greek words: sophronesate and nepsate. As…
Declare the Good Life (Colossians 1:2)
Jan 30, 2019 • 12 min
The early church believed that words make a difference. This is why they blessed one another when they greeted each other. We see this in Paul’s opening address in Colossians 1:2. The Greek words “charis” (grace) and “eirene” (peace) tell us that we…
The Friendly God (Titus 3:4)
Jan 23, 2019 • 16 min
When Jesus came, he reveled to us the friendly side of God. And his friendliness is far more friendly than we may realize. This is apparent in Titus 3:4 where the Greek word “chrestotes” (friendliness) is used. God went great lengths to befriend us…
When It Hurts to Obey (Hebrews 12:2)
Jan 16, 2019 • 15 min
It isn’t always easy to obey. The Greek preposition “anti” (instead of) in Hebrews 12:2 tells us that Jesus had to put aside his own momentary happiness in order to please the Lord. But God always makes sure to honor obedience in the end. —- Support this…
Academia & The Spirit: An Interview w/ Pastor Josh Muñoz
Jan 15, 2019 • 59 min
It is often thought that academics and the Spirit don’t go hand-in-hand. But does the Holy Spirit speak to us through academics? Can we hear the voice of the Lord while working on exegesis? Chris Palmer interviews Pastor Josh Muñoz from Casa de Salvación…
You Only Get One Reputation (Romans 16:17)
Jan 9, 2019 • 15 min
Our reputation either honors us or sends people running from us. The pronoun “tous” (those) in Romans 16:17 shows us that there were “those” in the first century who had a bad reputation and God’s Word tells us how to deal with those people so we don’t…
4 Reasons to Study Greek
Jan 7, 2019 • 33 min
Tired of the same ol, same ol Bible study? Trying to get deeper? Learn four reasons why learning Koine Greek will help get you there. —- Support this podcast:
God’s Latest Invention (Ephesians 2:10)
Jan 2, 2019 • 19 min
Have you ever thought of God as an inventor? He is. The Greek word “poiema” (workmanship) in Ephesians 2:10 not only tells us this, but tells us that those of us in Christ are God’s latest and greatest invention. —- Support this podcast:…
Salvations Day by Day (Acts 2:47)
Dec 28, 2018 • 23 min
The imperfect tense tells us that an outpouring of salvations was occurring in Acts 2:47. Just exactly how did those come about? This episode will explain the two ways. —- Support this podcast:
Who Were the Wise Men? (Matthew 2:1-12)
Dec 22, 2018 • 18 min
The “wise men” (magoi) were an ungodly group of soothsayers on a quest to fine God’s ultimate truth, the King of the Jews, Jesus Christ. In fact, “magoi” is where we get our English word “magic.” If God can speak to a group of curious magicians, he can…
Jesus Was Born For All (Luke 1-2)
Dec 18, 2018 • 17 min
During Christmas, we celebrate the birth of Jesus. All God’s mighty acts of power during this time were performed for all the people of the earth. We see this through the use of diacope, continual use of a word for emphasis sake. In this case, the word…
Beyond Chapter and Verse Divisions (John 3; 1 John 1-2)
Dec 14, 2018 • 23 min
Chapter and verse divisions are great at helping us locate Scripture. However, sometimes they keep us from seeing the bigger picture the writer has painted. We’ll see this by examining the Nicodemus pericope between John 2-3, as well as the Greek…
Have You Dug Deep? (Luke 6:46-49)
Dec 11, 2018 • 22 min
Statistics show that most Christians say they want to please the Lord, but an alarming number don’t read their Bibles outside of church. By examining the words “dug” (eskapsen) and “went deep” (ebathynen) in the aorist tense (Luke 6:48), we will see that…
Does God Expect Me to Be Perfect? (Matthew 5:48)
Dec 4, 2018 • 22 min
In Matthew 5:48, Jesus tells us to be “perfect.” What did Jesus mean by this? By examining the pericope found in Matthew 5:43-48, the cultural context, and Matthew’s use of “perfect” in the Greek (teleios), we will discover his intent. —- Support this…
Is Hell a Real Place? (2 Thess. 1:9; Mt. 5:29)
Nov 26, 2018 • 29 min
The rise of globalism and post-modernism has made it a challenge for evangelicals to preach Hell so matter-of-factly without being criticized for it. However, the use of appositional nouns in 2 Thessalonians 1:19 make it an exegetical fact that Paul…
Mark’s Use of Parataxis (Mark 1:1-16:20)
Nov 21, 2018 • 25 min
The Gospel writer, Mark, had an interesting literary style that reflected his excitement about Jesus. Learn what “parataxis” is and how it demonstrates to us that we should be excited about everything Jesus is and has done. —- Support this podcast:…
Tasty Speech (Colossians 4:5-6)
Nov 19, 2018 • 18 min
Being a good conversationalist is fundamental for effective evangelism. Are you able to hold your own and not feel threatened when conversing with someone who has a different worldview? In this episode learn what the idiom “seasoned with salt” (halati…
The Samaritan Who Gave Thanks (Luke 11:11-19)
Nov 19, 2018 • 21 min
Humans have a tendency to forget God after God blesses them. Be like the Samaritan, whose thanksgiving matched his petition. In this episode, you’ll learn the Greek Words for leprosy (lepros), lift up (airo), and you’ll discover how a circumstantial…