Thinking Fellows

Thinking Fellows

www.thinkingfellows.com
Conversations Exploring Theology, History, and Apologetics


Expertism
May 26 • 39 min
Who can you trust? The Thinking Fellows are back around to one of their favorite topics, epistemology. This time, they talk about experts and expertism. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show. Show Notes:
COVID and Our Neighbor
May 19 • 39 min
The Fellows have a conversation about the struggle of serving your neighbor in the time of coronavirus. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show. Show Notes:
Quarantined Reading
May 12 • 41 min
The Fellows sit-down and talk about what books they are reading during the quarantine. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show. Show Notes:
Lutheran Language and Other Questions
May 5 • 40 min
Scott, Caleb, and Adam go through the most recent listener questions. The questions range from a request for further reading in apologetics to a critique of the Thinking Fellows use of Lutheran categories. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
Hard Choices
Apr 28 • 42 min
Caleb and Scott Keith are Joined by Pastor Paul Koch to talk about the hard choices pastors are making during the Covid-19 shutdowns. Paul talks about his desire to keep the church going while balancing concern for neighbors. Sit back, relax, grab a…
Scandinavian Luther Renaissance
Apr 21 • 44 min
Scott and Caleb are once again joined by John Hoyum to talk about Scandinavian Lutheranism and Gerhard Forde. The episode ends on a conversation about Forde’s objections to the term inerrancy.
Gerhard Forde
Apr 14 • 43 min
Scott and Caleb are joined by John Hoyum to discuss the life and work of Gerhard Forde. John is a doctoral student and pastor in the Seattle area. The Fellows ask John about Forde’s upbringing and background and then dive into his influential works….
Fasting, Natural Law, and Baptism
Apr 7 • 41 min
Caleb and Scott Keith answer a handful of listener-submitted questions. The questions range from requirements and prohibitions concerning fasting to finding a better podcasting app. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show. Show Notes:…
The Craft of Preaching
Mar 31 • 41 min
Scott and Caleb are joined by Bob Hiller to discuss the 1517 project, The Craft of Preaching. The conversation leads toward the importance of preaching and why the preacher should take his vocation seriously. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the…
Are You Afraid?
Mar 24 • 44 min
Scott and Caleb are joined by Donavon Riley to talk about fear. Is there a Christian response to fear? Should Christians be afraid? Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
COVID-19
Mar 17 • 42 min
Caleb and Scott are joined by Dan Price to talk about the impact and response to the Corona Virus. They look at Martin Luther’s letters on the Plague and talk about vocation and proclamation in these trying times. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy…
Christ in the Straw
Mar 10 • 41 min
Scott and Caleb are joined by pastor Bob Hiller to talk about his book Christ in the Straw. The book serves as a devotional commentary through James. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show. Show Notes:
Happiness
Mar 3 • 46 min
The Thinking Fellows are once again joined by David Andersen. The topic of this episode leans more philosophical and asks the question, are you happy? Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show. Show Notes:
Islamic Apologetics and Questions about Young People
Feb 25 • 43 min
The Fellows talk about Islamic apologetic method and common questions from young people. Adam lays out the presuppositional arguments that are common in Islam, while Scott talks about some of the problems facing younger generations. Sit back, relax, grab…
Apologetics and Your Neighbor
Feb 18 • 38 min
The Fellows take on another round of listener questions. The episode ends with a conversation about how vocation and the service of neighbor works toward apologetics. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
The Empty Tomb
Feb 11 • 44 min
On this episode of the Thinking Fellows, Scott, Adam, and Caleb talk about objections to Christ’s divinity and how they deal with the empty tomb. This follows an interesting comment from twitter which suggests that the presence of a necromancer was just…
Faithless to Fearless
Feb 4 • 43 min
The Thinking Fellows sit down with David Andersen to talk about his apologetic book Faithless to Fearless. This episode covers some of the contemporary barriers facing Christians today and explores an approach for getting to the heart of the issue. Sit…
Common Objections to Christianity
Jan 28 • 42 min
Drs. Rod Rosenbladt and Scott Keith sit down with Caleb to dive to the heart of why apologetics matters. Ultimately, they teach that apologetics is an endeavor which must be primarily concerned with proclaiming Christ crucified and raised for the…
Christian Apologetics?
Jan 21 • 38 min
The Thinking Fellows introduce a new series in apologetics. On this episode, they define what Christian apologetics is as a category of theology and lay the groundwork for how to approach it. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
Sharing the Faith and Other Questions From January
Jan 14 • 41 min
Scott and Caleb take a look at listener questions from the month of January. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
Where Two or Three are Gathered
Jan 7 • 46 min
Dr. Scott Keith and Caleb Keith sit down and talk about Scott’s latest book, titled, Where Two or Three Are Gathered. The book is an edited volume which covers the importance and place of friendship in the Christian life.
New Year’s Resolutions
Dec 31, 2019 • 44 min
The Thinking Fellows closeout 2019 with a discussion about New Year’s resolutions. The conversation turns to guilt, confession, and forgiveness finally ending with a recap of the books everyone is reading right now. Show Notes
Merry Christmas
Dec 24, 2019 • 41 min
The Thinking Fellows talk about Christmas platitudes, comfort at Christmas, and share some personal Christmas stories. Thank you for supporting the show in 2019. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
The Gospel in the Old Testament
Dec 17, 2019 • 41 min
Scott and Caleb are joined by Chad Bird to talk about the Old Testament. Caleb asks the question of how does the Gospel of Christ found and proclaimed in the words of the Old Testament. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
Why Do We Worship?
Dec 10, 2019 • 44 min
The Thinking Fellows are joined by Dr. Jonathan Mumme to discuss the purpose and practice of Christian worship? How does or should Christian worship distinguish itself from other religious traditions of this world? Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy…
The State of the Thinking Fellows
Dec 3, 2019 • 37 min
Scott and Caleb Keith take this time to update listeners of the Thinking Fellows and ask for their support. Caleb also asks Scott what he thinks the most pressing theological issue of our age is and what 1517 is doing to address this problem. Sit back,…
Is Baptism a Good Work?
Nov 26, 2019 • 43 min
On this episode the Fellows answer a handful of questions submitted by listeners. Among them is the question, is baptism a good work that earns salvation? Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
Historical Methodology
Nov 19, 2019 • 44 min
On this episode, the Fellows have a conversation about historical methodology and why it is important for the practice of theology but also daily life. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
A Missionary to the U.S.
Nov 12, 2019 • 42 min
The Thinking Fellows are joined by Delwyn Campbell, who is an LCMS missionary in Gary Indiana. Pastor Campbell talks about how a missionary is called to bring the Gospel to places close or far, where it is not being preached. Sit back, relax, grab a…
Seculosity
Nov 5, 2019 • 35 min
The Thinking Fellows sit down with Dave Zahl to talk about his new book. Dave explains the concept of Seculosity and how people create systems of self-justification. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
The Common Faith
Oct 29, 2019 • 40 min
The Thinking Fellows record a live podcast every year at the Here We Still Stand conference. Per tradition, the Fellows are joined by Drs, Jim Nestingen, and Steve Paulson. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show as the fellows discuss the…
Religious Language
Oct 22, 2019 • 43 min
Have you ever noticed that sometimes you can’t understand what a theologian is trying to say? On the episode, the thinking Fellows talk about meaningless statements, language games, two types of history, and much more. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and…
The World Is Ending… Again
Oct 15, 2019 • 43 min
In this episode, the Thinking Fellows try to navigate the theological and philosophical problems of secular doomsaying. The topics range from modern indulgences to preaching Law and Gospel to the secular world. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the…
What’s a Guy to Do
Oct 8, 2019 • 44 min
The Thinking Fellows talk about friendship, fatherhood, and masculinity. In particular, this episode is about the struggle and need for friendship in the Christian life. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show. Show Notes:
Reformed?
Oct 1, 2019 • 43 min
In this episode, the Fellows address a listener’s question about what it means when somebody calls themselves Reformed. The conversation leads to a little bit of history and systematics. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
Repentance and Sin
Sep 24, 2019 • 43 min
How do you know you are truly repentant? Does your life have to be wrecked by some special sin before you know the Gospel? The Thinking Fellows tackle two questions which are frequently used to cause doubt. These issues end up demonstrating the need for…
What Good is Philosophy?
Sep 17, 2019 • 43 min
The Thinking Fellows reflect on the benefits of studying philosophy. Scott and Adam discuss how 20 years ago, Rod introduced the two of them to reading and studying philosophy. The consensus of this conversation is that the benefit of philosophy is…
Mutual Conversation of The Brethren
Sep 10, 2019 • 43 min
The Thinking Fellows are joined by friends to have a conversation in a Hotel bar in Bergen Norway. While the show covers many topics, the discussion centers on the importance of friendship and dialogue in the Christian life. Sit back, relax, grab a drink,…
Live from Bergen Norway
Sep 3, 2019 • 42 min
The Thinking Fellows are joined by Stephen Pietsch for a live recording in Bergen Norway. Scott, Adam, And Rod gave lectures at the Lutheran Study Days conference. We close the conference with a special episode of the show.
Apologetics for Comfort and Other Questions for Dr. Francisco
Aug 27, 2019 • 47 min
On a rare episode featuring only Caleb Keith and Dr. Adam Francisco, the Thinking Fellows ask the questions: Is Islam a Christian heresy and can apologetics be comforting? At the end of the episode, Dr. Francisco gives an update from the 1517 publishing…
The Bible
Aug 20, 2019 • 40 min
The Thinking Fellows ask the question, what is the Bible? This conversation follows an episode on the historic creeds and how they are built from and relate to Christian Scripture. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
Creeds and Confessions
Aug 13, 2019 • 40 min
As a lead up to Here We Still Stand 2019, the Thinking Fellows discuss the importance and use of creeds and confessions. The historic creeds are brief summations of Scriptural truth. Their use has been to combat heresy by gifting the words of faith and…
Q&A: Prayer, Communion, and Other Questions
Aug 6, 2019 • 40 min
Question and Answer episodes give us a unique opportunity to directly engage with the Thinking Fellows audience. Today’s episode includes questions about Erasmus of Rotterdam, the Lord’s Supper, and Prayer companions. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and…
The English Reformation and the Lutherans
Jul 30, 2019 • 39 min
Did the Lutheran reformers influence the development of the Church of England? The Thinking Fellows chime in on this recently requested question. The conversation centers around politics, education, and the circulation of Lutheran theology. Sit back,…
Does the Church Still Stand or Fall on Justification?
Jul 23, 2019 • 38 min
On the 489th anniversary of the Augsburg confession, the Fellows ask the question, does the Church still stand or fall on justification? In other words, is justification the central doctrine of faith? The fellows give a resounding yes followed by what the…
Stoicism
Jul 16, 2019 • 49 min
Returning to their topical format, the Thinking Fellows talk about stoic philosophy. The conversation flows from classical stoicism to modern proponents like Jordan Peterson. Finally, the fellows ask the question are stoicism and Christianity compatible?…
Contemporary Christianity: Christianity in America
Jul 9, 2019 • 42 min
The Thinking Fellows finish their six part series on Christianity in America led by Dan van Voorhis. Dan talks about the second half of the 20th century and how it has led to the current cloudy question of where Christianity is headed. Covered in this…
Fundamentalism and Modernism
Jul 2, 2019 • 40 min
On this episode, Dan van Voorhis leads listeners through origins of fundamentalism and modernism in American Christianity. Dan explains how the battle between these two groups was not just in fighting but was a matter of national news and had social…
The Second Great Awakening and the Move West
Jun 25, 2019 • 39 min
Dr. Dan van Voorhis is back to walk listeners through another segment of Christian history in America. The fellows discuss the differences between the first and second Great Awakenings as well as the impact of migration westward. Sit back, relax, grab…
The First Great Awakening
Jun 18, 2019 • 39 min
The Thinking Fellows are once again joined by Dr. Dan van Voorhis to discuss the history of Christianity in America. This time, they cover the context, characters, and development of the first great awakening. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy…
Christianity in America: The Founding Generation
Jun 11, 2019 • 39 min
Is America a Christian Nation? To help answer that question, Dr. Dan van Voorhis looks at the background and context of the constitution of the United States. The rest of the fellows ask Dan questions and then discuss the difference between liberalism and…
Christianity in America: The Colonies
Jun 4, 2019 • 40 min
Dr. Dan van Voorhis leads a discussion on the history of Christianity in America. This episode focuses on the religious practices of American colonies and their lasting impact. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
How Do You Know What You Know?
May 28, 2019 • 37 min
As a part of new episodes on apologetic conversations, the Thinking Fellows revisit questions about epistemology. Instead of tackling the topic from a wholly academic standpoint, the show turns to practical examples about how and why it is important to…
Knowing Why You Believe
May 21, 2019 • 42 min
The Fellows discuss the importance of knowing why you believe. As part of this discussion, the hosts share some stories and explain the personal impact apologetics had on their lives. Sit back, relax, grab, a drink, and enjoy the show.
The Reformation: Conclusions
May 14, 2019 • 50 min
The series on the history of the Reformation comes to an end with a recap on the Formula of Concord and the beginnings of the Thirty Years War. Thank you to our listeners for supporting this endeavor, and we look forward to new topics this summer. Sit…
Gnesios, Philipists, and the Formula of Concord
May 7, 2019 • 44 min
Today’s episode of the Thinking Fellows focuses on the second generation of Lutheran reformers. This era in Lutheran history represents a struggle for peace and unity of doctrine. The primary fruit of those efforts was a confession named the Formula…
The Peace of Augsburg and the Death of Philip Melanchthon
Apr 30, 2019 • 48 min
Between the years 1550 and 1560 the giants of the Reformation are dying. The Fellows discuss the political and theological turmoil that occurred as a result of the Smalcald war. Bookending this episode is the death of Philip Melanchthon and the…
Luther’s Death
Apr 23, 2019 • 47 min
1545-1550
The Power and Primacy of the Pope, Calvin’s Geneva, and Luther on the Quran
Apr 16, 2019 • 42 min
By the years 1540 through 1545, the Reformation was in full swing. As a result of the sweeping doctrinal adoption, Luther and Melanchthon were each tasked with problem-solving as more churches and townships became Lutheran. Also during this time…
Evolution, Zwingli, and other Questions
Apr 9, 2019 • 45 min
The Fellows take a one week break from their series on the history of the Reformation to answer listener questions. The questions range all the way from the doctrine of Zwingli to apologetic responses to evolution. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and…
Luther’s Commentaries and Smalcald
Apr 2, 2019 • 35 min
The Thinking Fellows cover the major reformational events between 1535 and 1539. During this time a collection of Luther’s works are published, the Smalcald articles are signed, Calvin publishes the institutes and much more. Sit back, relax, grab a…
The Fallout from Augsburg: 1530-1534
Mar 26, 2019 • 44 min
Coming back from the Diet of Augsburg the Lutheran reformers began responding to the doctrinal backlash of the Confutation. During this time Luther also begins to address the political climate and the looming threat of Turkish invasion. Sit back,…
1530: The Augsburg Confession
Mar 19, 2019 • 41 min
In 1530 an imperial diet was called to the city of Augsburg. Among many issues to be addressed was the increasing influence of Lutheran theology. At Augsburg, the Lutherans presented a confession plainly stating the truths of the Christian faith. Sit…
Ulrich Zwingli
Mar 12, 2019 • 43 min
Before his death in 1532 Ulrich Zwingli led a more radical reform than those in Wittenberg. Zwingli was not only a theologian, but also a humanist, and a soldier ultimately leading to his death on the battlefield. On this episode, Dr. Francisco gives…
Luther’s Catechisms
Mar 5, 2019 • 45 min
On this episode, the Thinking Fellows talk about catechisms and catechetical methodology. During the Reformation, catechisms were a tool for addressing the issue of Christian education. The episode ends on a brief conversation about the means of…
Visitations, Antinomians, and the Small Catechism
Feb 26, 2019 • 38 min
The seventh episode of the History of The Reformation brings the Fellows to a challenging time in Lutheran history. During the late 1520s, the first antinomian controversy begins while at the same time the Reformers In Wittenberg are made aware of how…
Liberation and the Bondage of the Will
Feb 19, 2019 • 43 min
This episode of the Thinking Fellows opens to the peasants revolt and the radical reform of Thomas Müntzer. To round out the show the Conversation moves to the Bondage of the Will and the begining of Luther’s family life.
The Diet of Worms
Feb 12, 2019 • 36 min
In 1521, the Pope issued an official decree known as bull against Luther. The Bull declared Luther’s writings as heresy and demanded he recant. The Thinking Fellows discuss the severity of excommunication and the freedom Luther found in Scripture. Sit…
Melanchthon Goes to Wittenberg
Feb 5, 2019 • 42 min
On the fourth episode of our series on the history of the Reformation, Dr. Keith walks listeners through the early stages of Melanchthon’s theological development and contributions. This episode introduces Reformation Humanism and closes out with a…
The Three Treatises
Jan 29, 2019 • 44 min
As the Biblical text transforms Luther’s positions on grace and justification, he shifts his writing from disputations to letters targeted at the common man, secular rulers, and the Roman church. These letters are called the Three Treatises. The…
Luther Goes to Wittenberg
Jan 22, 2019 • 38 min
The Thinking Fellows continue outlining the events of the Reformation by following Luther’s move from the monastery to the university. This transition involves Luther’s educational pursuits as well as his early disputations. Sit back, relax, grab a drink,…
Origins of the Reformation
Jan 15, 2019 • 38 min
The Fellows begin a new series outlining the history of the Reformation. The first episode features a thorough description of the Middle Ages followed by the initial struggles of Luther. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show. Show Notes…
The Soul of Christianity
Jan 8, 2019 • 41 min
Scott and Caleb Keith are joined by their friend Debi Winrich to discuss her new podcast on the Apostles Creed. They talk about the importance of studying the creed and how it provides an accessible outlet for conversation with those outside our…
Discussing Atonement
Jan 1, 2019 • 45 min
Caleb and Scott Keith are joined by their friend Kelsi Klembara to discuss atonement. The atoning work of Christ is an essential doctrine of the Christian faith. With that being said, there are still aspects of how the atonement works that are…
Merry Christmas
Dec 24, 2018 • 28 min
Christmas Eve, Dr. Keith and Caleb take the opportunity to discuss the significance and balance in celebrating Christmas. They discuss why Christians shouldn’t dismiss the idea of gift giving while still maintaining that incarnation of Christ remain…
Creativity and Vocation
Dec 18, 2018 • 36 min
Caleb and Scott are joined by their friend Doug Klembara to discuss to the vocation of design. The conversation focuses on the importance of quality when creating and sharing materials related to the Gospel. After reviewing some of the critical changes…
The Ideas Behind Here We Still Stand
Dec 11, 2018 • 40 min
Scott and Caleb are joined by Dan Price to discuss why 1517 hosts conferences. They talk about fellowship, sound doctrine, and the benefit of gathering together. Dan also takes time to explain the City Events, which are free one-day conferences hosted…
Q&A December 2018: Sin, Love, and Wrath
Dec 4, 2018 • 44 min
Caleb and Scott Keith sit down and answer and a handful of listener questions. Topics include particular sins, where should I go to church, is God Father Loving? Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
An Introduction to Analytic Language
Nov 27, 2018 • 46 min
Dr. Dan Deen is on the show to discuss analytic philosophy with the Thinking Fellows. Analytic language helps shape Christian apologetics and is helpful for everyday living. The idea of this episode is to make this complicated philosophical language…
Translation
Nov 20, 2018 • 48 min
The Thinking Fellows talk about the craft and philosophy behind translation. Christians rely on faithful, and accurate translations of the Bible, so it is essential to understand the realities of the texts we have as well as the way in which they are…
The Craft of Preaching
Nov 13, 2018 • 36 min
Scott and Caleb are joined by pastors Bob Hiller and Paul Koch to talk about their new project The Craft of Preaching. The Craft of Preaching is a resource for pastors that focuses on sermon writing and delivery. This unique approach focuses on…
Absolution
Nov 6, 2018 • 44 min
Scott and Caleb are joined by Drs. Jim Nestingen and Steve Paulson to discuss confession and absolution. Corporate confession and absolution are an essential part of Lutheran worship. On this episode, we Jim and Steve tell stories about the power or…
Christ in All the Scriptures
Oct 30, 2018 • 34 min
The Thinking Fellows are joined by Donavon Riley to talk about how Jesus is present and works through all the Scriptures. Inspired by the episode Scott and Donavon Talk About Everything, the Fellows cover OT prophecy and theophanies. Sit back relax, grab…
Theology and the Theologian of the Cross
Oct 23, 2018 • 52 min
Live from Here We Still Stand 2018 the Thinking Fellows recorded a special episode with Jim Nestingen and Steve Paulson. The main topic follows the question, what does the theology of the cross have to offer American Christianity? This discussion is…
Why Apologetics?
Oct 16, 2018 • 41 min
The Thinking Fellows are joined by Dr. John Warwick Montgomery to talk about the apologetic task today. On this episode, they encourage lay listeners to not be intimidated by the apologetic task but rather empowered by it. Sit back, relax, grab a drink,…
Why Do We Preach?
Oct 9, 2018 • 39 min
Recently, Dr. Keith traveled to an LCMS pastor’s conference to talk about fatherhood. While at the conference he gathered pastors Paul Koch, Darrin Sheek, and Edward Killian to talk about why we preach. These four discuss proclaiming the Gospel and how…
Apologetic Questions: Postmodernism, and Apologetics in Luther
Oct 2, 2018 • 35 min
On this episode, the Fellows focus on apologetic questions brought up from recent episodes and listener questions. Starting by questioning and analyzing possible methods for reaching the post-modern mind, the Fellows then move on to the question, did…
Christian living, the Augsburg Interim, and other Questions
Sep 25, 2018 • 42 min
Over the summer listeners sent in many important questions. Today the fellows answer questions about assurance and Lutheran history. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
Theology is for Proclamation
Sep 18, 2018 • 39 min
Caleb Keith is once again joined by Drs. Jim Nestingen and John Pless for a special recording in Bergen Norway. The heart of their conversation is the idea that theology is meant to be proclaimed. Jim and John tell great stories on the difference between…
The Doctrine of Sin
Sep 12, 2018 • 34 min
The Thinking Fellows revisit their very first episode on the doctrine of sin. The problem of sin gets to the heart of the Christian faith but is often misunderstood. By focusing on “sins” and not “sinful nature” the need for Christ can become lost or…
Praying the Catechism
Sep 4, 2018 • 37 min
Caleb Keith is joined by Drs. Jim Nestingen and John Pless for a special episode recorded in Bergen Norway. Both Nestingen and Pless have spent years studying and teaching Luther’s Small Catechism. On this episode, they discuss what it means to pray the…
When Doing Your Best Isn’t Enough
Aug 28, 2018 • 36 min
The regular hosts are reunited after a summer of teaching and travel. In preparation for the Here We Still Stand Conference the hosts visit some of the theological errors that pushed Luther toward the cross. The Latin phrase facere quod in se est was the…
Postmodernism
Aug 21, 2018 • 46 min
Postmodernism is a popular buzzword and one the most impactful philosophies on the world around us. However, postmodernism is frustrating and often hard to understand. Dr. Keith is joined by Bruce Hilman to discuss the history, and context of postmodern…
Reflecting on the International Academy of Apologetics
Aug 14, 2018 • 35 min
Producer Caleb is joined by three guests to talk about their experience at the International Academy for Apologetics. These students of theology come from vastly different backgrounds and talk about how apologetics will value them in their daily lives and…
Augustine of Hippo
Aug 7, 2018 • 49 min
After speaking together at a Christ Hold Fast city event, Dr. Keith invited Bruce Hilman to join him on two episodes of the Thinking Fellows. On this episode, they talk about the background and impact of Augustine of Hippo. Augustine is particularly…
Translating Luther’s Commentary on the Epistle to the Galatians
Jul 31, 2018 • 42 min
On this episode, Caleb Keith interviews Haroldo Camacho about his new translation of Luther’s Commentary on The Epistle to the Galatians. This new edition focuses on accessibility and capturing the lecture style of Luther’s work. This volume is an…
Being a Student of Theology
Jul 24, 2018 • 50 min
On this episode of the Thinking Fellows, Dr. Keith sits down to interview producer Caleb and a guest Jacob Meuller. Both Caleb and Jacob are in masters programs in Theology with Caleb pursuing an MA from the University of Nottingham and Jacob studying for…
C.S. Lewis: The Invasion
Jul 17, 2018 • 43 min
The Thinking Fellows explore book two of Mere Christianity by utilizing an outline from Dr. Rosenbladt. As the next step in Lewis’ apologetic approach, the section named The Invasion moves onto the idea of transcendence, human will, and meaning. Sit back,…
Orthodox, Historical, Reformational
Jul 10, 2018 • 40 min
This episode of the Thinking Fellows is about defining terms. Often, the fellows describe movements, doctrine, and even people as orthodox, historical, and reformational. The purpose of this episode is to pick those terms apart to explain precisely what…
On Being a Theologian of the Cross
Jul 3, 2018 • 52 min
Due to a listener request, Caleb and Dr. Keith dive into the Theology of the Cross via Forde’s On Being a Theologian of the Cross. They discuss the significance, background, and purpose of Forde’s excellent commentary on Maritn Luther’s Heidelberg…
Baptism, Apostasy, and Lutheran History
Jun 26, 2018 • 43 min
The Fellows approach the latest set of listener questions. This time, we have questions about Lutheran history, baptism, and apostasy. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show. If you have questions for the show, visit our website and use the…
Philosophy and Theology
Jun 19, 2018 • 49 min
The Fellows bring Dr. Dan Dean to discuss the interplay between philosophy and theology. On this show, we cover concepts like the magisterial and ministerial use of reason, neo-scholasticism, and suggest some books for further reading. Sit back, relax,…
Father’s Day: 2018
Jun 12, 2018 • 42 min
On this episode, we follow Thinking Fellows tradition and record a special Father’s Day episode. The conversation includes talk about the need for fathers in society, stories about fathers, and of course the grace of God the father. Sit back, relax, grab…
C.S. Lewis: The Case for Christianity
Jun 5, 2018 • 43 min
The Fellows are back to discussing the work of C.S. Lewis. This time, they approach The Case for Christianity to talk about its purpose, history, and impact. The Case for Christianity is the first of three books in Mere Christianity all of which the…
Questions about Church, Confirmation, and Other Things
May 29, 2018 • 38 min
On this episode, the Fellows tackle a handful of questions. Ranging from questions about the church to the relationship between Lutheran’s and Anglicans, the Fellows take their best shot. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show. Show Notes: 1517…
Natural Law
May 22, 2018 • 40 min
This week, The Fellows are Joined by Dr. Russell Dawn to talk about natural law. Dr. Dawn proposes that natural law is a tool for dialogue in our secular world especially when revelation is rejected. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
Vocation Special: Spring 2018
May 15, 2018 • 42 min
This week, Josh Keith joins his father and brother the regular hosts of the Thinking Fellows, for a special episode on vocation. Josh is a blacksmith and works as a part-time hardware store clerk. On the show, the Keiths discuss the tension between going…
Faith and Technology
May 8, 2018 • 38 min
The interaction between faith and technology is one of the most significant issues in our increasingly digital world. On this episode, the fellows talk about digital progress, its relationship to Gnosticism, and the unique way of thinking that Christians…
Martin Chemnitz: The Two Natures in Christ
May 1, 2018 • 44 min
The Thinking Fellows dive into Dr. Rosenbladts outline on Matin Chemnitz’s Two Natures in Christ. As such, this episode covers the importance of Christology and why it is worth studying even if you are not academic. Dr. Rosenbladts outline is free to…
Book Recommendations: Spring 2018
Apr 24, 2018 • 47 min
Almost every episode of the Thinking Fellows has a handfull of books linked in the show notes. On this episode, we set aside some time to compile a long list of books that listeners should consider reading if they want to learn more about church doctrine,…
Questions and Answers: April 2018
Apr 17, 2018 • 39 min
The Thinking Fellows engage with listner questions sent in during the month of April. From the inspiration of the scriptures to the Apostles, to Luther and the confessions, the fellows take on a broad range of topics. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and…
Introducing Exegesis and the Parables
Apr 10, 2018 • 39 min
The Thinking Fellows discuss the importance of exegesis and the parables with their guest Daniel Price. Dan is the co-host of two exegetical podcasts; 40min in the Old Testament and 30min in the New Testament. To get a taste for the importance and impact…
The Resurrection of Christ
Apr 3, 2018 • 48 min
The Resurrection of Christ is the central matter of the Christian faith. This Easter, we not only celebrate but instead receive the resurrection of Christ as the first fruits of our resurrection from the dead. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the…
Questions and Answers for March
Mar 27, 2018 • 42 min
Dr. Keith and producer Caleb take on this month’s big questions sent in by listeners. The first question deals with direct revelation from God and if people should seek answers from God outside the Scriptures. Next, we move onto a fun question about pipes…
Dr. Keith and Pastor Riley Talk About Everything
Mar 20, 2018 • 52 min
Dr. Keith travels to Minnesota and has a wild conversation with Donovan Riley. Almost every topic under the sun is fair game as the discussion turns to Luther, philosophy, and Christain Doctrine. Sit back, relax, grab a drink and enjoy the show.
Shakespeare and Reformation Thought
Mar 13, 2018 • 42 min
Today the Fellows are joined by special guest Dr. John Norton. Dr. Norton is a professor and chair of the English department at Concordia University Irvine. He recently published Killing Physicians: Shakespeare’s Blind Heroes and Reformation Saints with…
The Formula of Concord
Mar 6, 2018 • 43 min
As the last confession in the Book of Concord, the Formula of Concord strove to unite a Lutherans around a standard set of answers regarding doctrinal controversy. The Fellows discuss the content and history of the Formula to get listeners up to speed on…
The Theology of the Cross
Feb 27, 2018 • 40 min
The Theology of the Cross is a recurring theme on the Thinking Fellows. This fundamental concept regarding Christ and his work originated from Luther’s 1518 Heidelberg Disputation. Today we flush this concept out a little further and explain why it is so…
Thomas Cranmer
Feb 20, 2018 • 42 min
This week, the Fellows cover the Anglican theologian Thomas Cranmer. Cranmer was a reformation theologian influenced early on by Martin Luther. Cranmer was Martyr burned at the stake by Queen Mary and is most well known as the author of the Book of Common…
Romans 9 and a Thinking Fellows Reading List
Feb 13, 2018 • 40 min
Thinking Fellows come into their monthly Q&A episodes with a big question about interpreting Romans chapter nine. After the break, the fellows talk about what books they are currently reading. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
Epistemology of Theology
Feb 6, 2018 • 39 min
Today, the fellows dive back into apologetics. Talking about epistemology, we discuss the necessary link between historical data and theological knowledge. The discussion also leads to a passionate argument against the weaknesses in neo-orthodoxy and the…
Luther’s Small Catechism
Jan 30, 2018 • 50 min
Today we dive into what is probably Luther’s most influential work. The Small Catechism was a tool for pastors and families to learn the essential doctrine of the Chrisitan faith. The fellows breakdown the history and context of this little work and then…
The Two Natures in Christ
Jan 23, 2018 • 41 min
Ever since Christ’s ascension into heaven, Christians have been arguing about who Jesus is. The Thinking Fellows talk about the Scriptural proclamation that Jesus Christ is truly God and truly man. Commonly referred to as the two natures in Christ this…
C.S. Lewis
Jan 16, 2018 • 46 min
C.S. Lewis was one of the most prolific Christian authors of the 20th century. As an adult convert, he delivered a powerful apologetic to the Christian faith. On this episode, we talk about the history, theology, and impact of this great thinker. Sit…
Q&A: January 2018
Jan 9, 2018 • 41 min
As we begin recording into the new year, the Thinking Fellows take time to answer two big listener questions. Over the course of 2017 over 15 listeners asked nearly the same questions. One topic weighing heavily on people at home is the concept of infant…
Defining Our Terms Part 3
Jan 2, 2018 • 41 min
The Thinking Fellows kick off 2018 with a final episode on defining various terms used throughout the show. Additionally, Dr. Francisco is back and helps define the characteristics of the significant time periods of the church up to the Reformation. Sit…
Defining Our Terms Part 2
Dec 29, 2017 • 37 min
Today, we are spending another episode defining terms used throughout the show over the last two years. This episode is meant to be a big thank you to all of our listeners and supporters. We hope you enjoy the show and we look forward to some amazing…
Defining Our Terms
Dec 22, 2017 • 40 min
As Christmas approaches, the Fellows take on a long time listener request to define our terms. Sometimes on the show, the hosts use words or phrases for which not every listener had context. To help out, we take on some of the most common phrases and…
Vocation Revisited
Dec 15, 2017 • 40 min
After spending two episodes dealing with the apparent tension between justification and good works we dedicate another installment to the doctrine of vocation. Good works are not opposed to our justification, but it is clear from the Scriptures that they…
Synergism
Dec 8, 2017 • 46 min
On this episode of the show, the Fellows tackle synergism. This error has been present in every age of Christianity and poses unique challenges to Christianity in America. Sit back, relax, grab a drink and enjoy the show.
Repentance
Dec 1, 2017 • 45 min
Drs. Keith and Rosenbladt are back on the show to talk about repentance. Also on this episode is a friend and guest, Aaron Pederson. Looking from Scripture and Luther we ask the question is repentance a gift of faith or a work towards faith? Sit back,…
The Liberal Arts
Nov 24, 2017 • 37 min
Caleb Keith and Dr. Adam Francisco are joined by a guest to talk about the liberal arts and classical education. Our guest today is Dr. C.J. Armstrong. Dr. Armstrong teaches Theology, Classical Languages, and Ancient History at Concordia University…
Politics and the Reformation
Nov 17, 2017 • 45 min
Caleb Keith and Dr. Adam Francisco talk about the political history of the Reformation. Dr. Francisco takes the conversation back all the way to the fall of Rome to help render a clear picture of what political system Luther faced and worked within. While…
The Task of the Apologist
Nov 10, 2017 • 33 min
Caleb Keith interviews Dr. Montgomery about his background and beginning in apologetics. For Dr. Montgomery, apologetics starts by asking questions about truth and the pursuit of knowledge. This conversation leads up to talk about the approach to learning…
Mockingbird
Nov 3, 2017 • 25 min
On this episode of the Thinking Fellows, Dr. Keith talks to David Zahl about Mockingbird Ministries. Zahl is the director of Mockingbird, and author, and podcast host. This episode highlights the annual Mockingbird conference in NYC and many of the other…
Night Driving with Chad Bird
Oct 27, 2017 • 26 min
Chad Bird joined the Thinking Fellows at the Here We Still Stand conference in San Diego to talk about his new book. Night Driving: Notes from a Prodigal Soul. This book wrestles with sin and grace in the midst of turmoil. The entire book points to the…
Faith and Reason
Oct 20, 2017 • 42 min
As one of the last episodes in our latest series about the great ideas of the Reformation, we talk about the relationship between faith and reason. The Fellows discuss Luther’s famous quotes about reason and then delve into issues facing our post-modern…
The Reformation and Islam
Oct 13, 2017 • 51 min
The Reformation was not an isolated event; it had an impact not only in Germany but throughout the world. The Reformation was also impacted by forces outside the Church including the impending threat of Islam. For the Lutheran reformers knowing about…
The Heidelberg Disputation
Oct 6, 2017 • 39 min
The Heidelberg Disputation represents the first time that Reformational theology emerges as a whole. In this work, Dr. Luther highlights 28 fundamental truths of the Christian faith. Almost every major issue of the Reformation is covered in bite-sized…
Matthias Flacius
Sep 29, 2017 • 45 min
The Thinking Fellows are together with Dr. Wade Johnston to discuss Matthias Flacius. This episode serves as a crossover between our series on great thinkers of the Christian faith and our current Reformation topics. Flacius was a significant figure in…
Sinners and the Gospel
Sep 22, 2017 • 50 min
After a long summer of traveling guest episodes, the Fellows are back in Southern California recording together. The Thinking Fellows are joined by Dr. Wade Johnston to discuss his two books, A Path Strewn With Sinners and An Uncompromising Gospel. Sit…
Norway Special
Sep 15, 2017 • 39 min
On this episode, the fellows are once again joined by Dr. Nestingen and Prof. Pless. This time, we tackle listener questions pertaining to doctrine and the differences between Norwegian and German Lutheranism. As a bonus, we recorded this episode in…
The Necessary Distinction Between Law and Gospel
Sep 8, 2017 • 42 min
The Thinking Fellows are joined by Dr. Jim Nestingen and Rev. John Pless to talk about their new book titled The Necessary Distinction. On this episode, we cover basic questions concerning Law and Gospel and the important difference between distinguishing…
What Drove Luther’s Hammer?
Sep 1, 2017 • 45 min
“What Drove Luther’s Hammer” is a look behind the curtain of Martin Luther’s reasons for reform. Dr. Rosenbladt reanimates his classic lecture as a conversation between two old friends. So, sit back, grab a drink, light your pipe, and join us in the fun.
Luther and Melanchthon
Aug 25, 2017 • 29 min
Dr. Keith is once again joined by Dr. Jim Nestingen, this time to discuss the relationship between Martin Luther and Philip Melanchthon. The dynamic between these two reformers is often misrepresented or misunderstood. Melanchthon and Luther worked…
The Jagged Word Field Guide
Aug 18, 2017 • 46 min
Dr. Scott Keith and Pastor Paul Koch talk about their new book The Jagged Word Field Guide To Being A Man. This book deals with the topic of masculinity and the need for friendship, family, and vocation in the pursuit of manliness. Sit back, relax, grab a…
Why We Stand
Aug 16, 2017 • 16 min
Welcome to a special episode of the Thinking Fellows with producer Caleb Keith and guest Donovan Riley. Pastor Riley has been on the show twice before to talk about Martin Luther and the Bondage of the Will. This week, he tackles the idea behind the…
Old Man Luther
Aug 11, 2017 • 39 min
Dr. James Nestingen joins the show once again, this time for an episode of the late life of Martin Luther. Dr. Scott Keith and Pastor Kevin McClain sit with Dr. Nestingen to hear some great stories on about the great reformer. Sit back, relax, grab a…
Soli Deo Gloria
Aug 4, 2017 • 35 min
Soli Deo Gloria is the final turn of the screw in the Sola formula that reminds us that salvation is not our own doing but belongs to God alone. This is the last of the “Sola” episodes and also serves as a highlight of the Here We Still Stand conference.…
Woman the Forgotten Story
Jul 28, 2017 • 51 min
On this episode of the Thinking Fellows, Dr. Keith is Joined by Paul and Cindy Koch to talk about Cindy’s new book. The book, Woman the Forgotten Story, offers incredible comfort, gives guidance, and teaches everyone who listens to a wisdom that saves…
Christ Alone (Solus Christus)
Jul 21, 2017 • 39 min
On this episode, the Fellows talk about the center of Christianity. In Christ alone lies the hope of salvation! Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show. Show Notes:
Sola Fide
Jul 14, 2017 • 42 min
Episode 77
Sola Gratia
Jul 7, 2017 • 33 min
Episode 76
Sola Scriptura
Jun 28, 2017 • 40 min
Episode 75
Hugo Grotius
Jun 23, 2017 • 42 min
Episode 74
Father’s Day Special
Jun 16, 2017 • 41 min
Father’s Day 2017
Theodore Beza
Jun 9, 2017 • 46 min
Episode 73
John Calvin Part Two
Jun 2, 2017 • 40 min
Episode 72
Philip Melanchthon Part 2
May 26, 2017 • 50 min
Episode 71
Philip Melanchthon
May 19, 2017 • 45 min
Episode 70
John Calvin
May 12, 2017 • 45 min
Episode 69
Reading the Bondage of the Will
May 10, 2017 • 13 min
In The Fall of 2016, Dr. James Nestingen came on our show and talked about the Bondage of the Will. During that episode, Dr. Nestingen suggested reading the Bondage of the Will backward. Today we take a little time to explain how that works. Sit…
Luther: Biographies
May 5, 2017 • 28 min
Today, The Fellows talk about the various biographies Martin Luther. This idea was started by Dr. Francisco who outlines for us in this show, the key features of a good biography. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show. Show Notes:
Kierkegaard
Apr 28, 2017 • 38 min
Episode 63
Aquinas Part 2
Apr 21, 2017 • 39 min
Episode 65
Transhumanism and the Crosswise Institute
Apr 19, 2017 • 20 min
Today, the Fellows have Dr. Joel Oesch on to define and discuss transhumanism and its importance. Transhumanism is defined by Dr. Oesch as a movement of people committed to using technology to further the human race in profound ways. In most…
John of Damascus
Apr 14, 2017 • 39 min
Episode 64
Thomas Aquinas
Apr 7, 2017 • 47 min
Episode: 63
Episode One On Luther
Mar 31, 2017 • 49 min
Episode 62
Gresham Machen
Mar 24, 2017 • 32 min
Once again the Thinking Fellows are joined by Dr. Dan Van Voorhis. This time we discuss our first American Christian Gresham Machen. Many Lutherans may be unaware of this Reformed Theologian. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy…
Johan Arndt
Mar 17, 2017 • 47 min
Episode 60
Augustine
Mar 10, 2017 • 44 min
Episode 59
Great Thinkers of the Christian Faith
Mar 8, 2017 • 15 min
Producer Caleb and Dr. Keith discuss the direction of the show and our new series. A big thank you to all of the great fans who have gotten us this far! Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the show.
Friendship
Mar 3, 2017 • 44 min
Episode 58
Preaching Law and Gospel
Feb 24, 2017 • 45 min
Episode
Christians and War
Feb 17, 2017 • 53 min
Episode 56
Camp Ministry
Feb 10, 2017 • 40 min
Episode 55
Anniversary Special Part 2
Feb 3, 2017 • 49 min
Episode 54
Anniversary Special Part 1
Jan 27, 2017 • 44 min
Episode 53
What Now?
Jan 20, 2017 • 44 min
Episode 52
Luther and Apologetics
Jan 13, 2017 • 50 min
Episode 51
Christianity and Islam
Jan 6, 2017 • 52 min
Episode 50
The Problem of Evil
Dec 30, 2016 • 40 min
Episode 49
Christmas Episode 2016
Dec 23, 2016 • 43 min
Episode 48
Jesus’ View of the New Testament
Dec 16, 2016 • 42 min
Episode 47
Jesus and the Old Testament
Dec 9, 2016 • 44 min
Episode 46
God Breathed
Dec 2, 2016 • 45 min
Episode 45
Philosophical Apologetics pt.2
Nov 25, 2016 • 46 min
Episode 44
Philosophical Apologetics pt.1
Nov 18, 2016 • 47 min
Episode 43
Miracles
Nov 11, 2016 • 40 min
Episode 42
Apologetics for Young Adults
Nov 4, 2016 • 45 min
Episode 41
Reformation Special 2016
Oct 28, 2016 • 46 min
Episode 40
The Claims of Christ
Oct 21, 2016 • 45 min
Episode 38
Reliability of the New Testament
Oct 14, 2016 • 49 min
Episode 38
Intro to the Reliability of the New Testament Documents
Oct 7, 2016 • 45 min
Episode 37
Epistemology and Apologetics
Sep 30, 2016 • 51 min
Episode 36
Melanchthon Nerds
Sep 28, 2016 • 33 min
Today you’ll hear the giddy voice of Dr. Keith and the calm demeanor of Dr. Kolb as they go over the details concerning the history, background, and Loci of Philip Melanchthon. If you’re even remotely interested in Lutheran theology this is an…
Do’s and Dont’s of Apologetics
Sep 23, 2016 • 46 min
Episode 35
Drs. Kolb and Siemon-Netto talk Two Kingdoms
Sep 16, 2016 • 47 min
Episode 34
The Challenge of Islam
Sep 11, 2016 • 29 min
9/11 Special
Introduction to Apologetics part 2
Sep 9, 2016 • 42 min
Episode 33
Introduction to Apologetics
Sep 2, 2016 • 51 min
Episode 32
The Bondage of the Will
Aug 26, 2016 • 53 min
Episode 31
In The Bar
Aug 24, 2016 • 35 min
Special Episode
The Role of a Pastor
Aug 19, 2016 • 43 min
Episode 30
Masculinity with Joel Fitzpatrick
Aug 12, 2016 • 45 min
Episode 29
Eternal Subordination
Aug 5, 2016 • 51 min
Episode 28
Vocation
Jul 29, 2016 • 41 min
Episode 27:
Missions
Jul 21, 2016 • 52 min
Episode 26
Fitzes Sepecial
Jul 15, 2016 • 57 min
Ep. 25
Eschatology
Jul 8, 2016 • 48 min
Episode 24
Two Kingdoms
Jul 1, 2016 • 45 min
The Thinking Fellows return to their Loci topics in episode 23. Drs. Keith, Rosenbladt, and Francisco discuss the history and purpose behind Two Kingdom theory while also covering its limitations. Sit back, relax, grab a drink, and enjoy the…
The Augsburg Confession
Jun 24, 2016 • 55 min
Episode 22
Father’s Day
Jun 17, 2016 • 47 min
Episode 21
The Church
Jun 10, 2016 • 54 min
Episode 20
Hitmen and Midwives of God
Jun 3, 2016 • 61 min
Episode 19.
The Lord’s Supper
May 27, 2016 • 47 min
Episode 18
Confession and Absolution
May 20, 2016 • 48 min
Episode 17.
Baptism
May 13, 2016 • 42 min
Episode 16
The Means of Grace
May 6, 2016 • 45 min
Episode 15.
Good Works
Apr 29, 2016 • 50 min
Episode 14.
Predestination
Apr 22, 2016 • 46 min
Episode 13.
Wittenberg vs. Geneva
Apr 15, 2016 • 27 min
Episode 12.
The Will
Apr 7, 2016 • 41 min
Episode 11.
Conversion
Apr 1, 2016 • 46 min
Episode. 10
Atonement
Mar 25, 2016 • 39 min
Episode 9
The Person and Work of Christ Part II
Mar 18, 2016 • 49 min
Episode 8
Faith
Mar 13, 2016 • 43 min
Ep. 6
The Person and Work of Christ
Mar 11, 2016 • 51 min
Episode 7
Justification
Feb 26, 2016 • 54 min
Episode 5
Grace
Feb 19, 2016 • 42 min
Episode 4
Gospel
Feb 12, 2016 • 47 min
Episode 3
Law
Feb 3, 2016 • 47 min
Drs. Rosenbladt, Keith, and Francisco continue along the Loci to talk about the Law and its functions. Sit back grab a drink and enjoy a show about theology, history and apologetics. Featured this episode:
Sin
Jan 29, 2016 • 47 min
Thinking Fellows Ep.1